Sökning: "Monte carlo"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 856 avhandlingar innehållade orden Monte carlo.

  1. 1. Monte Carlo Studies of Charge Transport Below the Mobility Edge

    Författare :Mattias Jakobsson; Sven Stafström; Patrick Norman; Jérôme Cornil; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Monte Carlo simulation; charge transport; organic materials; conjugated polymers; DNA;

    Sammanfattning : Charge transport below the mobility edge, where the charge carriers are hopping between localized electronic states, is the dominant charge transport mechanism in a wide range of disordered materials. This type of incoherent charge transport is fundamentally different from the coherent charge transport in ordered crystalline materials. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Semi Markov chain Monte Carlo

    Författare :Håkan Ljung; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Mathematics; Adaptive simulation; error-in-the-variables; Kullback-Leibler divergence; Markov chain simulation; Markov chain Monte Carlo; semi-regenerative; MATEMATIK; MATHEMATICS; MATEMATIK; matematisk statistik; Mathematical Statistics;

    Sammanfattning : The first paper introduces a new simulation technique, called semi Markov chain Monte Carlo, suitable for estimating the expectation of a fixed function over a distribution π, Eπf(χ). Given a Markov chain with stationary distribution p, for example a Markov chain corresponding to a Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm, an embedded Markov renewal process is used to divide the trajectory into different parts. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Sequential Monte Carlo methods for conjugate state-space models

    Författare :Anna Wigren; Fredrik Lindsten; Lawrence Murray; Riccardo Sven Risuleo; Simon Maskell; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Sequential Monte Carlo; Particle filter; Markov chain Monte Carlo; Conjugacy; State-space model; Probabilistic programming; Electrical Engineering with specialization in Signal Processing; Elektroteknik med inriktning mot signalbehandling;

    Sammanfattning : Bayesian inference in state-space models requires the solution of high-dimensional integrals, which is intractable in general. A viable alternative is to use sample-based methods, like sequential Monte Carlo, but this introduces variance into the inferred quantities that can sometimes render the estimates useless. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Development of New Monte Carlo Methods in Reactor Physics : Criticality, Non-Linear Steady-State and Burnup Problems

    Författare :Jan Dufek; Jan Wallenius; Waclaw Gudowski; Cheikh Diop; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Monte Carlo; reactor physics; fission source; inactive cycles; convergence; burnup; steady-state; criticality; eigenvalue; Nuclear physics; Kärnfysik;

    Sammanfattning : The Monte Carlo method is, practically, the only approach capable of giving detail insight into complex neutron transport problems. In reactor physics, the method has been used mainly for determining the keff in criticality calculations. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Accelerating Monte Carlo methods for Bayesian inference in dynamical models

    Författare :Johan Dahlin; Thomas B. Schön; Fredrik Lindsten; Richard Everitt; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Computational statistics; Monte Carlo; Markov chains; Particle filters; Machine learning; Bayesian optimisation; Approximate Bayesian Computations; Gaussian processes; Particle Metropolis-Hastings; Approximate inference; Pseudo-marginal methods;

    Sammanfattning : Making decisions and predictions from noisy observations are two important and challenging problems in many areas of society. Some examples of applications are recommendation systems for online shopping and streaming services, connecting genes with certain diseases and modelling climate change. LÄS MER