Sökning: "Mineral Chemistry"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 140 avhandlingar innehållade orden Mineral Chemistry.

  1. 1. Biomimetic Formation of Calcium Phosphate Based Nanomaterials

    Författare :Wenxiao He; [2014]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; superstructure; lyotropic liquid crystal; self-assembly; Calcium phosphate; bone-like apatite; amphiphilic peptide; nanocomposite; biomimetic mineralization;

    Sammanfattning : The intercellular material in bone is a nanocomposite of aligned “hard” inorganics—calcium phosphate (CaP) platelets embedded in the long-range ordered “soft” organic collagen matrix. This elaborate structural arrangement redeems the weaknesses of the individual components (being soft protein or brittle mineral) and gives bone its excellent mechanical properties for the protection and support of our bodies. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Development of Polyamide Solvent Extraction Reagents for Trivalent Lanthanides

    Författare :Mikhail S Tyumentsev; [2016]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Polyamides; Solvent Extraction; Europium; Rare Earth Elements; Lanthanides; Malonamides;

    Sammanfattning : Rare earth elements (REEs), including lanthanides, are critical materials for many industrial technologies. As a result recycling of end-of-life products containing REEs might be beneficial, as this could partially satisfy the growing demands of industry for these elements. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Phase transformation and surface chemistry of secondary iron minerals formed from acid mine drainage

    Författare :Jörgen Jönsson; Umeå universitet.; [2003]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Inorganic chemistry; schwertmannite; goethite; lepidocrocite; acid mine drainage; sulphate; natural organic matter; mineral surface; infrared spectroscopy; EXAFS; XRD; ternary surface complex; copper II ; cadmium II ; lead II ; zinc II ; Oorganisk kemi; NATURAL SCIENCES Chemistry Inorganic chemistry; NATURVETENSKAP Kemi Oorganisk kemi; Inorganic Chemistry; oorganisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : The mining of sulphidic ore to extract metals such as zinc and copper produces huge quantities of waste material. The weathering and oxidation of the waste produces what is commonly known as Acid Mine Drainage (AMD), a dilute sulphuric acid rich in Fe(II) and heavy metals. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Generation, stability and migration of montmorillonite colloids in aqueous systems

    Författare :Sandra García García; KTH.; [2010]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Bentonite; montmorillonite; colloid stability; colloid migration; geological disposal; nuclear waste; granitic fractures; ; NATURAL SCIENCES Chemistry Environmental chemistry; NATURVETENSKAP Kemi Miljökemi; NATURAL SCIENCES Chemistry Environmental chemistry Environmental toxicology; NATURVETENSKAP Kemi Miljökemi Miljötoxikologi; TECHNOLOGY Chemical engineering Chemical process and manufacturing engineering Surface and colloid chemistry; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Kemiteknik Kemisk process- och produktionsteknik Yt- och kolloidkemi; TECHNOLOGY Chemical engineering Chemical process and manufacturing engineering Nuclear chemistry; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Kemiteknik Kemisk process- och produktionsteknik Kärnkemi;

    Sammanfattning : In Sweden the encapsulated nuclear waste will be surrounded by compacted bentonite in the granitic host rock. In contact with water-bearing fractures the bentonite barrier may release montmorillonite colloids that may be further transported in groundwater. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Chemical Processes at the Water-Manganite (γ-MnOOH) Interface

    Författare :Madeleine Ramstedt; Umeå universitet.; [2004]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Inorganic chemistry; manganite; γ-MnOOH; mineral surface; acid-base properties; adsorption; Cd II ; N- phosphonomethyl glycine; glyphosate; PMG; surface complex; dissolution; disproportionation; XPS; EXAFS; infrared spectroscopy; SEM; AFM; potentiometry; electrophoresis; Oorganisk kemi; NATURAL SCIENCES Chemistry Inorganic chemistry; NATURVETENSKAP Kemi Oorganisk kemi; oorganisk kemi; Inorganic Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : The chemistry of mineral surfaces is of great importance in many different areas including natural processes occurring in oceans, rivers, lakes and soils. Manganese (hydr)oxides are one important group to these natural processes, and the thermodynamically most stable trivalent manganese (hydr)oxide, manganit (γ-MnOOH), is studied in this thesis. LÄS MER