Sökning: "Membrane vesicles"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 215 avhandlingar innehållade orden Membrane vesicles.

  1. 1. Exploring the Interplay of Lipids and Membrane Proteins

    Författare :Candan Ariöz; Åke Wieslander; Daniel O. Daley; Malcolm East; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Membrane lipids; membrane proteins; anionic lipids; membrane remodeling; intracellular vesicles; model membrane systems; glycosyltransferase; Escherichia coli; lipid composition; fatty acid modification; membrane curvature; bacterial homeoviscous adaptation; biokemi; Biochemistry;

    Sammanfattning : The interplay between lipids and membrane proteins is known to affect membrane protein topology and thus have significant effect (control) on their functions. In this PhD thesis, the influence of lipids on the membrane protein function was studied using three different membrane protein models. LÄS MER

  2. 2. DNA-Controlled Lipid-Membrane Fusion

    Författare :Lisa Simonsson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; exocytosis; vesicles; DNA; FRET; fluorescence resonance energy transfer; model system; total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy; TIRF microscopy; self-assembly; site-specificity; diffusion; biomembranes; lipid bilayer; membrane fusion;

    Sammanfattning : Membrane fusion is essential for nerve-cell communication, for protein transport between cell organelles and the cell-membrane and for enabling the merger between virus and host membranes during virus infection. We have demonstrated that short DNA oligonucleotides, membrane-attached via CH in an orientation that mimics the overall zipperlike architecture of fusion-inducing proteins, induce fusion of both suspended vesicles and vesicles site-specifically tethered to SLBs. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Roles of membrane vesicles in bacterial pathogenesis

    Författare :Svitlana Vdovikova; Sun Nyunt Wai; Richard Lundmark; Ann-Beth Jonsson; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Membrane vesicles; autophagy; pore-forming toxin; pore formation; Listeria monocytogenes; Vibrio cholerae; virulence factor; PrtV protease; listeriolysin O; V. cholerae cytolysin; mikrobiologi; Microbiology; molekylärbiologi; Molecular Biology;

    Sammanfattning : The production of membranous vesicles is observed to occur among organisms from all domains of the tree of life spanning prokaryotes (bacteria, archaea) and eukaryotes (plants, animals and fungi). Bacterial release of membrane-derived vesicles (MVs) has been studied most extensively in cases of Gram-negative species and implicating their outer membrane in formation of extracellular MVs. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Lipid Vesicle Fusion: Investigation, Generation and Manipulation of Cell-Membrane Mimics

    Författare :Lisa Simonsson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; diffusion; spreading lipid bilayers; cell mimic; micromanipulation; lipid bilayer; microfluidics; site-specificity; DNA; membrane-receptor interactions; total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy; model system; self-assembly; TIRF microscopy; FRET; exocytosis; vesicles; fluorescence resonance energy transfer; biomembranes; amperometry; membrane fusion;

    Sammanfattning : Membrane fusion is essential for nerve-cell communication, for protein transport between cell organelles and the cell-membrane and for enabling the merger between virus and host membranes during virus infection. In this work, cell-membrane mimics were constructed and evaluated as models for studies of the membrane-fusion process. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Pathogen entry mechanisms and endocytic responses to plasma membrane damage

    Författare :Lars Nygård Skalman; Richard Lundmark; Kristian Riesbeck; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Endocytosis; plasma membrane; pathogens; virus; bacterial membrane vesicles; Helicobacter pylori; adenovirus 37; listeriolysin O; pore-forming toxins; membrane repair;

    Sammanfattning : Endocytosis is a fundamental cellular process by which cells transport material from the outside to the inside of the cell through the formation of membrane invaginations that bud off from the plasma membrane. This process is important for nutrient uptake, regulating cell surface receptors and the overall plasma membrane composition. LÄS MER