Sökning: "Medicinsk teknik"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 519 avhandlingar innehållade orden Medicinsk teknik.

  1. 1. Nano-Engineered Contrast Agents Toward Multimodal Imaging and Acoustophoresis

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Författare :Satya V.V.N. Kothapalli; KTH.; [2015]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Nano-engineered microbubbles; SPION nanoparticles; Acoustic characterization of MBs; Fracturing mechanism of MBs; Opto-acoustics; Acoustophoresis; Physics; Fysik; Järnvägsgruppen - Ljud och vibrationer; Järnvägsgruppen - Ljud och vibrationer; Teknik och hälsa; Technology and Health;

    Sammanfattning : Diagnostic ultrasound (US) is safer, quicker and cheaper than other diagnostic imaging modalities. Over the past two decades, the applications of US imaging has been widened due to the development of injectable, compressible and encapsulated microbubbles (MBs) that provide an opportunity to improve conventional echocardiographic imaging, blood flow assessment and molecular imaging. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Characterization and Energy Calibration of a Silicon-Strip Detector for Photon-Counting Spectral Computed Tomography

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm, Sweden : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Författare :Xuejin Liu; KTH.; [2016]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Medicinsk teknologi; Medical Technology;

    Sammanfattning : Multibin photon-counting x-ray detectors are promising candidates to be applied in next generation computed tomography (CT), whereby energy information from a broad x-ray spectrum can be extracted and properly used for improving image quality and correspondingly reducing radiation dose. A silicon-strip detector has been developed for spectral CT, which operates in photon-counting mode and allows pulse-height discrimination with 8 adjustable energy bins. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Ultrasonic Methods for Quantitative Carotid Plaque Characterization

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Författare :Erik Widman; KTH.; Karolinska Institutet.; Karolinska Institutet.; [2016]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Medicinsk teknologi; Medical Technology; Atherosclerosis; Cardiovascular Disease; Carotid Artery; Elasticity; ex vivo; in vivo; Phantom; Plaque; Polyvinyl Alcohol; Pulse Wave Imaging; Shear Wave Elastography; Speckle Tracking; Stroke; Ultrasound;

    Sammanfattning : Cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of death worldwide and improved diagnostic methods are needed for early intervention and to select the most suitable treatment for patients. Currently, carotid artery plaque vulnerability is typically determined by visually assessing ultrasound B-mode images, which is influenced by user-subjectivity. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Spectral Mammography with X-Ray Optics and a Photon-Counting Detector

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : KTH

    Författare :Erik Fredenberg; KTH.; [2009]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; mammography; x-ray optics; photon counting; spectral shaping; spectral imaging; collimation; radiation dose; signal-to-noise ratio; quantum noise; anatomical noise; spatial resolution; x-ray flux; ; TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIKVETENSKAP; TECHNOLOGY Engineering physics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk fysik; TECHNOLOGY Engineering physics Optical physics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk fysik Optisk fysik; TECHNOLOGY Engineering physics Other engineering physics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Teknisk fysik Övrig teknisk fysik; TECHNOLOGY Electrical engineering; electronics and photonics; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Elektroteknik; elektronik och fotonik; TECHNOLOGY Other technology Medical engineering; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Övriga teknikvetenskaper Medicinsk teknik; MEDICINE Physiology and pharmacology Radiological research; MEDICIN Fysiologi och farmakologi Radiologisk forskning;

    Sammanfattning : Early detection is vital to successfully treating breast cancer, and mammography screening is the most efficient and wide-spread method to reach this goal. Imaging low-contrast targets, while minimizing the radiation exposure to a large population is, however, a major challenge. LÄS MER

  5. 5. A Segmented Silicon Strip Detector for Photon-Counting Spectral Computed Tomography

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Författare :Cheng Xu; KTH.; [2012]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; photon counting; spectral computed tomography; silicon strip detector; ASIC; energy resolution; cadmium telluride; charge sharing; Monte Carlo simulation; synchrotron;

    Sammanfattning : Spectral computed tomography with energy-resolving detectors has a potential to improve the detectability of images and correspondingly reduce the radiation dose to patients by extracting and properly using the energy information in the broad x-ray spectrum. A silicon photon-counting detector has been developed for spectral CT and it has successfully solved the problem of high photon flux in clinical CT applications by adopting the segmented detector structure and operating the detector in edge-on geometry. LÄS MER