Sökning: "Medicin Teknik"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 474 avhandlingar innehållade orden Medicin Teknik.

  1. 1. Polymer-shelled Ultrasound Contrast Agents : Characterization and Application

    Författare :Dmitry Grishenkov; Leif Kari; Lars-Åke Brodin; Michel Versluis; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; ultrasound; contrast agents; microbubbles; polymer; perfusion; Acoustics; Akustik; Material physics with surface physics; Materialfysik med ytfysik; Cardiovascular medicine; Kardiovaskulär medicin; Cardiology; Kardiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Ultrasound-based imaging technique is probably the most used approach for rapid investigationand monitoring of anatomical and physiological conditions of internal organs and tissues.Ultrasound-based techniques do not require the use of ionizing radiation making the tests anexceptionally safe and painless. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Spectral Mammography with X-Ray Optics and a Photon-Counting Detector

    Författare :Erik Fredenberg; Mats Danielsson; Björn Cederström; Jeffrey H. Siewerdsen; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; mammography; x-ray optics; photon counting; spectral shaping; spectral imaging; collimation; radiation dose; signal-to-noise ratio; quantum noise; anatomical noise; spatial resolution; x-ray flux; ; TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIKVETENSKAP; Engineering physics; Teknisk fysik; Optical physics; Optisk fysik; Other engineering physics; Övrig teknisk fysik; Electrical engineering; electronics and photonics; Elektroteknik; elektronik och fotonik; Medical engineering; Medicinsk teknik; Radiological research; Radiologisk forskning;

    Sammanfattning : Early detection is vital to successfully treating breast cancer, and mammography screening is the most efficient and wide-spread method to reach this goal. Imaging low-contrast targets, while minimizing the radiation exposure to a large population is, however, a major challenge. LÄS MER

  3. 3. A Segmented Silicon Strip Detector for Photon-Counting Spectral Computed Tomography

    Författare :Cheng Xu; Hans Bornefalk; Mats Danielsson; Ami Altman; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; photon counting; spectral computed tomography; silicon strip detector; ASIC; energy resolution; cadmium telluride; charge sharing; Monte Carlo simulation; synchrotron;

    Sammanfattning : Spectral computed tomography with energy-resolving detectors has a potential to improve the detectability of images and correspondingly reduce the radiation dose to patients by extracting and properly using the energy information in the broad x-ray spectrum. A silicon photon-counting detector has been developed for spectral CT and it has successfully solved the problem of high photon flux in clinical CT applications by adopting the segmented detector structure and operating the detector in edge-on geometry. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Heart : Image quality, measurement accuracy and patient experience

    Författare :Britt-Marie Ahlander; Jan Engvall; Elisabeth Ericsson; Eva Maret; Marcus Carlsson; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Medicine; Medicin;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Non-invasive diagnostic imaging of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (CAD) is frequently carried out with cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) or myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (MPS). CMR is the gold standard for the evaluation of scar after myocardial infarction and MPS the clinical gold standard for ischemia. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Radiation Detection Techniques for the Enhancement of Nuclear Safety

    Författare :Petty Bernitt Cartemo; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; whole body counting; depth profiling; voxel phantom; nuclear safeguards; Monte Carlo; orphan sources; radiation-induced material damage; pulsed beam; positron lifetime;

    Sammanfattning : The hazard originating from the use of nuclear materials in various areas of the society necessitates a number of experimental techniques for controlling and increasing the safety connected to radioactive substances.The following thesis is divided into two parts, representing different aspects to the detection of radiation effects. LÄS MER