Sökning: "Medical and Health Sciences Medical Biotechnology Biomaterials Science"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 34 avhandlingar innehållade orden Medical and Health Sciences Medical Biotechnology Biomaterials Science.

  1. 1. Extracellular Matrix Based Materials for Tissue Engineering

    Författare :Cecilia Aulin; Jöns Hilborn; Tim Bowden; Laura Creemers; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Extracellular matrix; collagen synthesis; bioreactor; cell culture; bone morphogenetic protein-2; noggin; hyaluronan; cartilage; Medical technology; Medicinsk teknik; Molecular biology; Molekylärbiologi; Orthopaedics; Ortopedi; Transplantation surgery; Transplantationskirurgi; Biomaterials; Biomaterial; Morphology; cell biology; pathology; Morfologi; cellbiologi; patologi; Cell and molecular biology; Cell- och molekylärbiologi; Polymer chemistry; Polymerkemi; Materials chemistry; Materialkemi; cellforskning; Cell Research; materialvetenskap; Materials Science; medicinsk cellbiologi; Medical Cell Biology; ortopedi; Orthopaedics;

    Sammanfattning : The extracellular matrix is (ECM) is a network of large, structural proteins and polysaccharides, important for cellular behavior, tissue development and maintenance. Present thesis describes work exploring ECM as scaffolds for tissue engineering by manipulating cells cultured in vitro or by influencing ECM expression in vivo. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Tunable and modular assembly of polypeptides and polypeptide-hybrid biomaterials

    Författare :Christopher Aronsson; Daniel Aili; Karin Enander; Staffan Dånmark; Dennis Löwik; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES;

    Sammanfattning : Biomaterials are materials that are specifically designed to be in contact with biological systems and have for a long time been used in medicine. Examples of biomaterials range from sophisticated prostheses used for replacing outworn body parts to ordinary contact lenses. Currently it is possible to create biomaterials that can e.g. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Effects of antiresorptive agents on inflammation and bone regeneration in different osseous sites - experimental and clinical studies

    Författare :Carina Cardemil; Peter Thomsen; Cecilia Larsson Wexell; Bente Brokstad Herlofson; Sweden Göteborg The Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg Institute of Clinical Sciences Department of Biomaterials; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Qntiresorptive agents; ovariectomised rat; osteoporosis; skeletal site; differences osteonecrosis of the jaw; osseointegration; bone substitute; inflammation; bone regeneration; gene expression; histomorphometry; Micro-CT;

    Sammanfattning : The biological mechanisms involved in bone regeneration in osteoporotic bone and the effect of antiresorptive drugs in relation to surgically inserted biomaterials are not fully understood. Improved osseointegration of titanium implants but also adverse effects of antiresorptive therapies, such as osteonecrotic jaw have been described in the literature. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Interactions between platelets and complement with implications for the regulation at surfaces

    Författare :Per H. Nilsson; Kristina Nilsson Ekdahl; John Lambris; Ian Nicholls; Berhane Ghebrehiwet; Linnéuniversitetet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; complement system activation; regulation ; platelets activation; regulation ; biomaterials; biocompatibility; chondroitin sulfate-A; apyrase; C1q; C3; factor H; C4BP; ADP; Biomedicinsk vetenskap; Biomedical Sciences;

    Sammanfattning : Disturbances of host integrity have the potential to evoke activation of innate immunologic and hemostatic protection mechanisms in blood. Irrespective of whether the activating stimulus is typically immunogenic or thrombotic, it will generally affect both the complement system and platelets to a certain degree. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Synthesis of xyloglucan oligo- and polysaccharides with glycosynthase technology

    Författare :Fredrika Gullfot; Harry Brumer; Tuula Teeri; Jerry Ståhlberg; Mats Martinelle; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; glycosynthase; xyloglucan; xyloglucan endo-transglycosylase; retaining glycoside hydrolase; xyloglucanase; polysaccharide synthesis; Bioengineering; Bioteknik; Enzyme engineering; Enzymteknik; Bioorganical synthesis; Bioorganisk syntes; Biomaterials; Biomaterial;

    Sammanfattning : Xyloglucans are polysaccharides found as storage polymers in seeds and tubers, and as cross-linking glycans in the cell wall of plants. Their structure is complex with intricate branching patterns, which contribute to the physical properties of the polysaccharide including its binding to and interaction with other glycans such as cellulose. LÄS MER