Sökning: "Maternal Deprivation"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 13 avhandlingar innehållade orden Maternal Deprivation.

  1. 1. Maternal Separation in Rats An Experimental Model for Long-Term Effects of Early Life Experiences on Neurochemistry, Voluntary Ethanol Intake and Exploration and Risk Assessment Behavior

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Erika Roman; Uppsala universitet.; [2004]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pharmaceutical pharmacology; Handling; Maternal Deprivation; Environment; Opioids; Dopamine; Alcohol; Stress; Concentric Square Field; Open Field; Elevated Plus-maze; Farmaceutisk farmakologi; PHARMACY Pharmaceutical pharmacology; FARMACI Farmaceutisk farmakologi;

    Sammanfattning : The period of early life is important for the development of individual brain function and behavior. Human studies have shown altered vulnerability to develop psychopathology and/or excessive drug intake, possibly leading to dependence, as a consequence of early life experiences. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Maternal Separation in the Rat The Short- and Long-term effects of Early-life Experience on Neuropeptides, Monoamines and Voluntary Ethanol Consumption

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Sadia Oreland; Uppsala universitet.; [2009]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Early-life stress; Handling; Serotonin; Dopamine; Oxytocin; Vasopressin; Enkephalin; Dynorphin; Two-bottle free choice; Maternal deprivation; PHARMACY Pharmaceutical pharmacology; FARMACI Farmaceutisk farmakologi; Farmaceutisk farmakologi; Pharmaceutical Pharmacology;

    Sammanfattning : Early-life experience has profound effects on the individual’s neurobiology and behaviour later in life. The rodent animal experimental model maternal separation (MS) was used to study this more in detail. The MS model involves short and prolonged postnatal separations simulating an emotionally safe and stressful environment, respectively. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Maternal separation in the rat : long-term effects of early life events on emotionality, drug response and neurobiology

    Detta är en avhandling från Göteborg : Göteborg University

    Författare :Maarit Marmendal; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2005]
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Early deprivation; Alcohol intake; Anxiety; Corticosterone; Maternal separation; HPA axis; Maternal care; Monoamines;

    Sammanfattning : Exposure to early stress and emotional trauma in humans are associated with an increased risk to develop psychiatric disorders, for example, anxiety, depression and drug abuse. Furthermore, disruptions in stress hormone and neurotransmitter levels as well as structural changes in the brain have been connected to early adversities. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Endogenous Opioids and Voluntary Ethanol Drinking Consequences of Postnatal Environmental Influences in Rats

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Lisa Gustafsson; Uppsala universitet.; [2007]
    Nyckelord :Pharmaceutical pharmacology; Maternal separation; Maternal deprivation; Handling; Isolation; Alcohol; Two-bottle model; Four-bottle model; MEAP; Dynorphin B; Nociceptin orphanin FQ; Radioimmunoassay; Farmaceutisk farmakologi;

    Sammanfattning : Genetic and environmental factors interact to determine the individual vulnerability to develop ethanol dependence. The neurobiological mechanisms underlying these processes are not fully understood. Endogenous opioid peptides have been suggested to contribute. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Examining Female Resilience to Early Environmental Influences : Short- and long-term consequences on behaviour, HPA axis activity and alcohol intake after prolonged maternal separation

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Uppsala University

    Författare :Stina Lundberg; Uppsala universitet.; [2017]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Adolescence; Adulthood; Corticosterone; Early-life stress; Handling; Maternal deprivation; Multivariate concentric square field; MCSF; Sex differences; Social play behavior; Stress reactivity; Supplier differences; Pharmaceutical Science; Farmaceutisk vetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : Early-life experiences are an important factor influencing further development of the individual. Adverse experiences early in life, such as various kinds of abuse or neglect, are types of early-life stress that can adversely affect an individuals health, as well as contribute to the development of an array of disorders later in life. LÄS MER