Sökning: "Markov chain"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 127 avhandlingar innehållade orden Markov chain.

  1. 1. Semi Markov chain Monte Carlo

    Författare :Håkan Ljung; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Mathematics; Adaptive simulation; error-in-the-variables; Kullback-Leibler divergence; Markov chain simulation; Markov chain Monte Carlo; semi-regenerative; MATEMATIK; MATHEMATICS; MATEMATIK; matematisk statistik; Mathematical Statistics;

    Sammanfattning : The first paper introduces a new simulation technique, called semi Markov chain Monte Carlo, suitable for estimating the expectation of a fixed function over a distribution π, Eπf(χ). Given a Markov chain with stationary distribution p, for example a Markov chain corresponding to a Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm, an embedded Markov renewal process is used to divide the trajectory into different parts. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Rainflow Analysis of Switching Markov Loads

    Författare :Pär Johannesson; Matematisk statistik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; actuarial mathematics; programming; operations research; Statistics; rainflow matrix; fatigue; vehicle load; hidden Markov model; random load; Markov model; Switching process; Statistik; operationsanalys; programmering; aktuariematematik;

    Sammanfattning : Rainflow cycles are often used in fatigue analysis of materials for describing the variability of applied loads. Therefore, an important characteristic of a random load process is the intensity of rainflow cycles, also called the expected rainflow matrix (RFM), which can be used for evaluation of the fatigue life. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Financial Applications of Markov Chain Monte Carlo Methods

    Författare :Andreas Graflund; Nationalekonomiska institutionen; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Finansiering; Financial science; ekonomiska system; ekonomisk politik; ekonomisk teori; Nationalekonomi; economic policy; economic systems; economic theory; Economics; econometrics; Mean Reversion; Diversification; Real Estate Stocks; Markov Chain Monte Carlo Methods; Stock Markets; ekonometri;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis consists of four empirical studies on financial economics. The first chapter contains a short summary of the thesis. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Perturbed discrete time stochastic models

    Författare :Mikael Petersson; Dmitrii Silvestrov; Ola Hössjer; Nikolaos Limnios; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Renewal equation; Perturbation; Asymptotic expansion; Regenerative process; Risk process; Semi-Markov process; Markov chain; Quasi-stationary distribution; Ruin probability; First hitting time; Solidarity property; Mathematical Statistics; matematisk statistik;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis, nonlinearly perturbed stochastic models in discrete time are considered. We give algorithms for construction of asymptotic expansions with respect to the perturbation parameter for various quantities of interest. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Rare-event simulation with Markov chain Monte Carlo

    Författare :Thorbjörn Gudmundsson; Henrik Hult; Ad Ridder; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Tillämpad matematik och beräkningsmatematik; Applied and Computational Mathematics;

    Sammanfattning : Stochastic simulation is a popular method for computing probabilities or expecta- tions where analytical answers are difficult to derive. It is well known that standard methods of simulation are inefficient for computing rare-event probabilities and there- fore more advanced methods are needed to those problems. LÄS MER