Sökning: "Maria Emmelin"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 16 avhandlingar innehållade orden Maria Emmelin.

  1. 1. Smoking cessation during pregnancy : a person-centred approach among disadvantaged women in South Africa

    Författare :Zainonisa Petersen; Maria Emmelin; Krisela Steyn; Maria Nilsson; Mimi Nichter; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Stage of change theory; smoking; cessation interventions; peer counsellor; Public health science; Folkhälsovetenskap; folkhälsa; Public health;

    Sammanfattning : Smoking remains a leading cause of premature, preventable death in South Africa killing 44 000 South Africans each year. Through the introduction of comprehensive tobacco control policies, the South African government has tried to reduce the death toll and a significant reduction in tobacco use has been recorded since its peak in the 1990’s. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Self-rated health in public health evaluation

    Författare :Maria Emmelin; Lars Dahlgren; Stig Wall; Per-Olof Östergren; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Public health; process evaluation; community intervention; self-rated health; public health; Folkhälsomedicin; Public health medicine research areas; Folkhälsomedicinska forskningsområden; Epidemiology; epidemiologi;

    Sammanfattning : There is still a debate concerning the evidence base for community interventions. The randomised clinical trial design (RCT) is increasingly challenged as a gold standard for their evaluation. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Barriers, Enablers and challenges in the practice of directly observed treatment for tuberculosis patients in a local Thai community

    Författare :Jiraporn Choowong; Maja Söderbäck; Per Tillgren; Maria Emmelin; Mälardalens högskola; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Care Sciences; vårdvetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : Tuberculosis (TB) has presented a challenge to the public health community in Thailand, especially as regards patient adherence to TB treatment. Direct observed treatment (DOT) is recommended for promoting patient adherence to TB treatment. There is good evidence that DOT can significantly increase the patient adherence to TB treatment. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Social capital, health and community action : implications for health promotion

    Författare :Malin Eriksson; Maria Emmelin; Lars Dahlgren; Urban Janlert; Catherine Campbell; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; social capital; self-rated health; health promotion; community action; Public health science; Folkhälsovetenskap; socialmedicin; Social Medicine;

    Sammanfattning : Background; The overwhelming increase in studies about social capital and health occurring since 1995 indicates a renewed interest in the social determinants of health and a call for a more explicit use of theory in public health and epidemiology. The links between social capital and health are still not clear and the meanings of different forms of individual and collective social capital and their implications for health promotion needs further exploration. LÄS MER

  5. 5. The role of social capital in HIV prevention: experiences from the Kagera region of Tanzania

    Författare :Gasto Frumence; Lennarth Nyström; Maria Emmelin; Japhet Killewo; Bo Haglund; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Structural social capital; cognitive social capital; HIV risk behaviors; HIV infection; HIV prevention; folkhälsa; Public health;

    Sammanfattning : Background The role of social capital for promoting health has been extensively studied in recent years but there are few attempts to investigate the possible influence of social capital on HIV prevention,particularly in developing countries. The overall aims of this thesis are to investigate the links between social capital and HIV infection and to contribute to the theoretical framework of the role of social capital for HIV prevention. LÄS MER