Sökning: "Magnetresonanstomografi MRI"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 14 avhandlingar innehållade orden Magnetresonanstomografi MRI.

  1. 1. MRI assessment of haemophilic arthropathy

    Författare :Björn Lundin; Lund Diagnostisk radiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; radiologi; tomografi; medicinsk instrumentering; medical instrumentation; tomography; radiology; Clinical physics; Medicin människa och djur ; Medicine human and vertebrates ; Arthropathy; Factor VIII; Factor IX; MRI; Haemophilia; Klinisk fysiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Haemophilia is a recessive genetic bleeding disorder in which coagulation time is prolonged due to the absence or malfunction of either of the serum proteins Factor VIII or IX. Joint destruction following repeated haemarthroses is the main cause of morbidity in haemophiliacs, and such arthropathy can be prevented or postponed by implementing prophylactic therapy with factor concentrate at an early age. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Non-invasive imaging for improved cardiovascular diagnostics : Shear wave elastography, relative pressure estimation, and tomographic reconstruction

    Författare :David Marlevi; Matilda Larsson; Reidar Winter; Massimiliano Colarieti-Tosti; Kathryn Nightingale; KTH; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Medical imaging; Cardiovascular disease; Atherosclerosis; Hemodynamics; Ultrasound; Shear Wave Elastography SWE ; Magnetic Resonance Imaging MRI ; 4D flow MRI; Relative Pressure; Virtual Work-Energy; micro-Computed Tomography micro-CT ; Tomographic reconstruction; Pre-clinical imaging; Medicinsk avbildning; Hjärt-kärlsjukdomar; Ateroskleros; Hemodynamik; Ultraljud; Skjuvvågselastografi SWE ; Magnetresonanstomografi MRI ; 4D flödes-MRI; Tryckfall; Virtuellt flöde; mikro-Datortomografi mikro-CT ; Tomografisk rekonstruktion; Preklinisk avbildning; Medicinsk teknologi; Medical Technology; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Sammanfattning : Throughout the last century, medical imaging has come to revolutionise the way we diagnose disease, and is today an indispensable part of virtually any clinical practice. In cardiovascular care imaging is extensively utilised, and the development of novel techniques promises refined diagnostic abilities: ultrasound elastography allows for constitutive tissue assessment, 4D flow magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) enables full-field flow mapping, and micro-Computed Tomography (CT) permits high-resolution imaging at pre-clinical level. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Volumetric MRI measurements of velocity and flow - Accuracy, visualisation and technical improvements

    Författare :Anders Nilsson; Lund Medicinsk strålningsfysik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MRI; 4D flow; phase contrast MRI; velocity mapping;

    Sammanfattning : In the last two decades, phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (PC-MRI) has evolved from two-dimensional velocity and flow measurements to volumetric, time-resolved depictions of velocity fields (4D PC). The acquisition of time-resolved velocity fields allows flow visualisations that might provide better understanding of the dynamics of the cardiac system. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Physical Aspects of Thermotherapy - A study of heat transport with a view to treatment optimisation

    Författare :Johan Olsrud; Sektion V; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; magnetic resonance; non-invasive; temperature; coagulation; prostatic; menorrhagia; liver tumour; finite element method FEM ; thermal conductivity; intracavitary; interstitial; laser; Thermotherapy; hyperthermia; MRI; Medicine human and vertebrates ; Medicin människa och djur ; Physics; Fysik; Fysicumarkivet A:1998:Olsrud;

    Sammanfattning : Local treatment with the aim to destruct tissue by heating (thermotherapy) may in some cases be an alternative or complement to surgical methods, and has gained increased interest during the last decade. The major advantage of these, often minimally-invasive methods, is that the disease can be controlled with reduced treatment trauma and complications. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Blood flow assessment in cerebral arteries with 4D flow magnetic resonance imaging : an automatic atlas-based approach

    Författare :Tora Dunås; Anders Eklund; Anders Wåhlin; Jan Malm; Einar Heiberg; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Circle of Willis; 4D flow MRI; Cerebral arteries; Vascular disease; Stroke; Automatic labeling; Probabilistic atlas; Cerebral blood flow; Neuroimaging; Magnetic Resonance Imaging;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Disturbed blood flow to the brain has been associated with several neurological diseases, from stroke and vascular diseases to Alzheimer’s and cognitive decline. To determine the cerebral arterial blood flow distribution, measurements are needed in both distal and proximal arteries. LÄS MER