Sökning: "Magnetisk"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 80 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Magnetisk.

  1. 1. Magnetic Refrigeration for Near Room-Temperature Applications

    Författare :Behzad A Monfared; Björn Palm; Joachim Claesson; Andrew Rowe; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Magnetic Refrigeration; Magnetic; Cooling; Magnetocaloric; Life Cycle Assessment; Modeling; Simulation; Optimization; Regeneration; Active Magnetic Regeneration; Bonded Regenerator; Heat Switch; Thermal Diode; Peltier; Solid-State; Prototype; Magnetisk Kylteknik; Magnetisk; Kylning; Magnetokalorisk; Livscykela-nalys; Modellering; Simulering; Optimering; Regenerering; Aktiv Mag-netisk Regenerering; Bunden Regenerator; Värmebrytare; Termodiod; Peltier; Solid-State; Prototyp; Energiteknik; Energy Technology;

    Sammanfattning : Refrigeration plays a crucial role in many different sectors and consumes about 17% of the electricity produced globally. This significant energy consumption implies large share of refrigeration in primary energy consumption and other environmental impacts. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Cerebral blood flow distribution, collateral function and pulsatility in healthy and in patients with symptomatic carotid stenosis  : a magnetic resonance imaging approach

    Författare :Laleh Zarrinkoob; Jan Malm; Anders Eklund; Khalid Ambarki; Sepideh Amin-Hanjani; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Aging; Arterial pulsatility; Carotid stenosis; Cerebral arteries; Cerebral blood flow; Cerebral collateral blood flow; Circle of Willis; Phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging;

    Sammanfattning : Background: For the detection and treatment of early cerebral vascular disease it is of paramount importance to first understand the normal physiology of the cerebral vasculature, and subsequently, to understand how and when pathology can develop from that. This is especially important as the population above 65 years of age is increasing and aging itself is an established risk factor for the development of cerebral vascular disease. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Magnetodynamics in Spin Valves and Magnetic Tunnel Junctions with Perpendicular and Tilted Anisotropies

    Författare :Quang Tuan Le; Johan Åkerman; Erik Wahlström; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; perpendicular magnetic anisotropy; tilted-polarizer; spintronics; STT; MTJ; pseudospin-valve; STO; ST-FMR; magnonics; magnetic droplet; droplet nucleation; droplet annihilation; vinkelrät magnetisk anisotropi; lutande polarisator; spinntronik; STT; MTJ; pseudospinnventil; STO; ST-FMR; magnonics; magnetisk droppe; nukleering av droppe; anihilering av droppe.; Physics; Fysik;

    Sammanfattning : Spin-torque transfer (STT) effects have brought spintronics ever closer to practical electronic applications, such as MRAM and active broadband microwave spin-torque oscillator (STO), and have emerged as an increasingly attractive field of research in spin dynamics. Utilizing materials with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) in such applications offers several great advantages such as low-current, low-field operation combined with high thermal stability. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Quality assurance for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in radiotherapy

    Författare :Mary Adjeiwaah; Tufve Nyholm; Anders Garpebring; Joakim Jonsson; Sofie Ceberg; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; magnetic resonance imaging; MRI; radiotherapy; RT; geometric distortions; magnetic susceptibility; B0 maps; quality assurance; radiofysik; radiation physics;

    Sammanfattning : The use of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in the radiotherapy (RT) treatment planning workflow is increasing. MRI offers superior soft-tissue contrast compared to Computed Tomography (CT) and therefore improves the accuracy in target volume definitions. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Parkinsons's disease and related disoders

    Författare :Yulia Surova; Lund Neurologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Mr Imaging; DTI; Parkinson s disease; Progressive supranuclear palsy; Multiple system atrophy;

    Sammanfattning : Objectives: To identify diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in the cerebral white (WM) and the deep grey matter (GM) in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) and atypical parkinsonian syndromes (APS) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods: Patients with a clinical diagnosis of PD, multiple system atrophy (MSA) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) were included in the study. LÄS MER