Sökning: "Low- and middle-income countries"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 74 avhandlingar innehållade orden Low- and middle-income countries.

  1. 1. Integration of national community-based health worker programmes in health systems : Lessons learned from Zambia and other low and middle income countries

    Författare :Joseph Mumba Zulu; Anna-Karin Hurtig; John Kinsman; Charles Michelo; Helen Schneider; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Human resources for health; National community-based health workers; Health Innovations; Integration; Health Systems; Low and middle income countries; Zambia.; folkhälsa; Public health;

    Sammanfattning : Background: To address the huge human resources for health (HRH) crisis that Zambia and other low and middle income countries (LMICs) are experiencing, most LMICs have engaged the services of small scale community-based health worker (CBHW) programmes. However, several challenges affect the CBHWs’ ability to deliver services. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Essays on International Health Economics: The Role of Health Insurance in Health Care Financing in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

    Författare :Björn Ekman; Socialepidemiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Low- and middle-income country; Health insurance; Health financing; Samhällsvetenskaper; Social sciences; Econometric analysis; Equity;

    Sammanfattning : The thesis consists of an introductory chapter and four independent research papers, summarized as follows. The introductory chapter discusses the role of economics in international health and the policy contributions of each of the particular papers. In addition, the data and the methods that have been used are discussed. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Diarrhoeal diseases in low- and middle-income countries : trends, management and control

    Författare :Birger C Forsberg; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Diarrhoea; Case management; ORT; Diarrhoea morbidity; Brazil; Low- and middle-income countries; Community; Households; Primary care;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Diarrhoeal diseases constitute a major disease burden on children in low- and middle-income countries (LMC), with an estimated 2 million 0-4 years old dying annually due to diarrhoea. Dehydration is the main cause of these deaths. An oral remedy based on glucose and sodium to treat dehydration was developed in the 1960s. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Growth and Survival : Child Health Disparities and Early Life Adversity in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Författare :Omar Karlsson; Centrum för ekonomisk demografi; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; child health; under-mortality; sub-Saharan Africa; low-and-middle-income countries; parental factors;

    Sammanfattning : Sound physical health is a critical component of the human development process, wherein early life and childhood are pivotal periods. Although child health in sub-Saharan Africa has been improving for the past few decades, the region still has the highest mortality rate for children under five as well as high levels of child morbidity. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Assays for monitoring HIV therapy in low-middle income countries

    Författare :Eva Agneskog; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Sammanfattning : The purpose of this thesis was to develop and/or evaluate assays for HIV viral load (VL) monitoring and HIV drug resistance testing of potential importance for research studies and clinical care in low- and middle income countries (LMICs). This was achieved using reverse transcriptase based (RT) assays and blood samples from Vietnamese and Swedish HIV-1 infected patients. LÄS MER