Sökning: "Low birthweight"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 24 avhandlingar innehållade orden Low birthweight.

  1. 1. Long-term follow-up of very low birthweight children : A prospective study from the southeast region of Sweden

    Författare :Per-Olof Gäddlin; Ingemar Leijon; Orvar Finnström; Torstein Vik; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Very low birthweight infants; Follow-up studies; Adolescence; Gender; Neonatal risk factors; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Cognitive function; School performance; Health; Quality of Life; Paediatric medicine; Pediatrisk medicin;

    Sammanfattning : Background: The survival rates for very low birthweight (VLBW; birthweight ≤1500 g) children are increasing, but they run a greater risk than controls of developing neurosensory disabilities and other functional problems during childhood. However, there is a great need for more knowledge regarding long-term outcome to adulthood in VLBW subjects. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Dietary exposure to persistent organochlorine compounds and health effects in women and their infants - Epidemiological studies on birthweight, cancer incidence, and mortality

    Författare :Lars Rylander; Avdelningen för arbets- och miljömedicin; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; birthweight; breast cancer; ischemic heart disease; n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids; CB-153; PCB; dibenzofurans; dioxins; fish consumption; persistent organochlorine compounds; gender ratio; Occupational health; industrial medicine; Yrkesmedicin; arbetsmiljömedicin;

    Sammanfattning : In Sweden the main exposure route for both polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) and other persistent organochlorine compounds is through consumption of fatty fish species from the Baltic Sea (the eastern coast of Sweden). Cohorts of fishermen's wives from the Swedish east and west coasts were established. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Improving neonatal survival in East Africa Analysis of maternal service utilization, effectiveness of care and risk factors for neonatal mortality in Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania

    Författare :Malachi Ochieng Arunda; Socialmedicin och global hälsa; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Neonatal survival; Neonatal Mortality; Antenatal care; Childbirth; Postnatal care; Low birthweight; Cesarean delivery; Continuum of care seeking; care-seeking behaviour; Effectiveness of care; Sociodemographic factors; socioeconomic factors; Attributable neonatal mortality-risk fraction;

    Sammanfattning : Despite profound progress made in reducing neonatal mortality, it remains one of the major global health challenges. In 2019, the World Health Organization estimated that 2.4 million neonatal deaths occurred, accounting for over 45 percent of under-5 deaths worldwide. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Fetal growth in India : studies on antenatal prediction of low birthweight and some factors that determine birthweight

    Författare :Matthews Mathai; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Fetal growth; birthweight; light for gestational age; Indian; fundal height; fetal biometry; ethnic; smoking; genital infection.;

    Sammanfattning : Objectives To develop standards for assessment of fetal growth in India and to study some factors that determine birthweight. Methods Data from 250 normal pregnancies were used to construct graphs of fundal height, abdominal girth and the ratio of fundal height to abdominal length. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Postnatal Peer Counseling on Exclusive Breastfeeding of Low-birthweight Filipino Infants : Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial

    Författare :Grace V. Agrasada; Elisabeth Kylberg; Jan Gustafsson; Uwe Ewald; Mary Renfrew; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pediatrics; exclusive breastfeeding; RCT; peer counseling; LBW; Manila; Pediatrik; Paediatric medicine; Pediatrisk medicin;

    Sammanfattning : In a Manila hospital, 204 mothers were randomized into three groups: two intervention groups receiving home-based counseling visits, one of them (n=68) by counselors trained to use a locally developed, two-tiered program of breastfeeding counseling, and the other by counselors trained in general childcare (n=67), were compared with a control group of mothers (n=69) who did not receive any counseling. All infants were scheduled for seven visits to the hospital for follow-up. LÄS MER