Sökning: "Kondenserade materiens fysik"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 548 avhandlingar innehållade orden Kondenserade materiens fysik.

  1. 1. Effects of disorder in metallic systems from First-Principles calculations

    Författare :Christian Asker; Igor Abrikosov; Jörg Neugebauer; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Iron; Nickel; Magnesium; Manganese; Molybdenum; Zirconium; Elastic Constants; High pressure; Earth s core; Density-functional theory; Ab-initio; First-Principles; Core-level shifts; Molecular Dynamics; Phonons; Dynamical Instability; Condensed matter physics; Kondenserade materiens fysik; Computational physics; Beräkningsfysik;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis, quantum-mechanical calculations within density-functional theory on metallic systems are presented. The overarching goal has been to investigate effects of disorder. In particular, one of the properties investigated is the bindingenergy shifts for core electrons in binary alloys using different theoretical methods. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Quantum transport and geometric integration for molecular systems

    Författare :Anders Odell; Anna Delin; Anders Niklasson; Michael Springborg; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; density functional theory; ab initio; first principles; electron transport; photoswitching; molecular dynamics; geometric integration; Condensed matter physics; Kondenserade materiens fysik; Computational physics; Beräkningsfysik;

    Sammanfattning : Molecular electronics is envisioned as a possible next step in device miniaturization. It is usually taken to mean the design and manufacturing of electronic devices and applications where organic molecules work as the fundamental functioning unit. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Numerical studies of spin chains and cold atoms in optical lattices

    Författare :Sara Bergkvist Sylvan; Anders Rosengren; Richard Scalettar; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Teoretisk Fysik; Kondenserade materiens teori; Condensed matter physics; Kondenserade materiens fysik;

    Sammanfattning : An important, but also difficult, research field in condensed matter physics is that of strongly correlated systems. This thesis considers two topics in this field. The first topic is disorder and frustration in spin models. The introduction of disorder into quantum spin chains creates a complex problem. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Development and applications of theoretical algorithms for simulations of materials at extreme conditions

    Författare :Igor Mosyagin; Igor Abrikosov; Sergey Simak; Andrei Postnikov; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY;

    Sammanfattning : Materials at extreme conditions exhibit properties that differ substantially from ambient conditions. High pressure and high temperature expose anharmonic, non-linear behavior, and can provoke phase transitions among other effects. Experimental setups to study that sort of effects are typically costly and experiments themselves are laborious. LÄS MER

  5. 5. A Theoretical Investigation of the Nitrogen-Vacancy Center in Diamond as a Single Molecule Sensor and Qubit : Charging through Explicit Electron Donors

    Författare :Robin Löfgren; Andreas Larsson; Sven Öberg; Corina Etz; Fedor Jelezko; Luleå tekniska universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Applied Physics; Tillämpad fysik;

    Sammanfattning : The NV-center in diamond is one of the most well researched defects to date. Since its discovery in the 1960’s, a large body of experimental as well as theoretical work have been produced, investigating its properties and applications. LÄS MER