Sökning: "Kondenserade materiens fysik"
Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 548 avhandlingar innehållade orden Kondenserade materiens fysik.
Sammanfattning : In this thesis, quantum-mechanical calculations within density-functional theory on metallic systems are presented. The overarching goal has been to investigate effects of disorder. In particular, one of the properties investigated is the bindingenergy shifts for core electrons in binary alloys using different theoretical methods. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Molecular electronics is envisioned as a possible next step in device miniaturization. It is usually taken to mean the design and manufacturing of electronic devices and applications where organic molecules work as the fundamental functioning unit. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : An important, but also difficult, research field in condensed matter physics is that of strongly correlated systems. This thesis considers two topics in this field. The first topic is disorder and frustration in spin models. The introduction of disorder into quantum spin chains creates a complex problem. LÄS MER
4. Development and applications of theoretical algorithms for simulations of materials at extreme conditions
Sammanfattning : Materials at extreme conditions exhibit properties that differ substantially from ambient conditions. High pressure and high temperature expose anharmonic, non-linear behavior, and can provoke phase transitions among other effects. Experimental setups to study that sort of effects are typically costly and experiments themselves are laborious. LÄS MER
5. A Theoretical Investigation of the Nitrogen-Vacancy Center in Diamond as a Single Molecule Sensor and Qubit : Charging through Explicit Electron Donors
Sammanfattning : The NV-center in diamond is one of the most well researched defects to date. Since its discovery in the 1960’s, a large body of experimental as well as theoretical work have been produced, investigating its properties and applications. LÄS MER