Sökning: "Jonvätskor"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 8 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Jonvätskor.

  1. 1. Ionic liquids : The solid-liquid interface and surface forces

    Författare :Nicklas Hjalmarsson; Mark W Rutland; Rob Atkin; Enrico Gnecco; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Ionic liquids; solid-liquid interface; surface forces; nanotribology; atomic force microscopy; quartz crystal microbalance; Jonvätskor; gränsskiktet mellan fasta ytor och vätskor; ytkrafter; nanotribologi; atomkraftsmikroskopi; kvartskristallmikrovåg; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Ionic liquids (ILs) present new approaches for controlling interactions at the solid-liquid interface. ILs are defined as liquids consisting of bulky and asymmetric ions, with a melting point below 373 K. Owing to their amphiphilic character they are powerful solvents but also possess other interesting properties. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Hybrid Solvents based on Ionic Liquids/Deep Eutectic Solvents for CO2 Separation : Experiments, Modeling, Process Simulation and Evaluation

    Författare :Chunyan Ma; Xiaoyan Ji; Päivi Mäki-Arvela; Luleå tekniska universitet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; CO2 separation; Ionic liquids; Deep eutectic solvents; Cosolvent; Thermodynamic modeling; Process simulation and evaluation; Energiteknik; Energy Engineering;

    Sammanfattning : CO2 separation plays a vital role in reducing CO2 emissions to combat climate change, in which solvent-based absorption is widely considered the most promising technology. Many conventional chemical and physical solvents have been introduced for CO2 separation, still facing challenges. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Sustainable Lubrication and Tribotronics enabled by Ionic Materials

    Författare :Akepati Bhaskar Reddy; Sergei Glavatskih; Mark W. Rutland; Nicholas Spencer; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; sustainable lubrication; ionic liquid; tribotronics; lubricating grease; neutron reflectance; Machine Design; Maskinkonstruktion;

    Sammanfattning : Developments in machine design play a crucial role in the global endeavor towards sustainability. The potential for energy conservation and emission reduction has pushed lubrication research to the forefront, with the lubricant considered to be a vital machine component. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Tailored Reaction Media for the Synthesis of Subvalent Cluster Compounds

    Författare :Josefin Åkerstedt; Lars Kloo; Sven Lidin; Ulf Gedde; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Chemistry; Kemi;

    Sammanfattning : Different synthetic approaches and modifications to reaction media have been applied in order to find new routes to the synthesis of main-group clusters and transition metal compounds. The focus has been on the Group 15 element bismuth and the transition metal palladium. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Thermal Aspects and Electrolyte Mass Transport in Lithium-ion Batteries

    Författare :Henrik Lundgren; Göran Lindbgergh; Mårten Behm; Ann Mari Svensson; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Energy storage; Lithium-ion batteries; Electrolytes; Temperature; Modeling; Hybrid electric vehicle; Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle; Chemical Engineering; Kemiteknik;

    Sammanfattning : Temperature is one of the most important parameters for the performance, safety, and aging of lithium-ion batteries and has been linked to all main barriers for widespread commercial success of electric vehicles.The aim of this thesis is to highlight the importance of temperature effects, as well as to provide engineering tools to study these. LÄS MER