Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 2011 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Incidence.
Sammanfattning : Background: Dental trauma occur in childhood and adolescence with consequences in time and costs for both patient and family. The scientific knowledge of these matters is scarce. For some individuals, dental trauma will result in long, time-consuming and costly treatments in childhood which will continue into adulthood. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Miscarriage is a common problem, often necessitating emergency health care, which has traditionally been managed with uterine curettage under general anaesthesia. Uterine curettage has been the most common surgical procedure performed by gynaecologists after office hours in industrialized countries, consuming substantial health care resources. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : The definition of awareness used consistently in this thesis is: Explicit recall of intraoperative events during general anaesthesia. Since there is no objective method to detect awareness, the patients must be interviewed after anaesthesia. The form and timing of the interview is crucial. LÄS MER
4. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) : prevalence, incidence, decline in lung function and risk factors
Sammanfattning : The Obstructive Lung Disease in Northern Sweden (OLIN) Studies started in 1985 as an epidemiological project with the aim to detect preventable risk factors for obstructive lung diseases and allergy. In recent years there has been a focus also on obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) besides asthma and allergy. LÄS MER
5. Asthma in school age : prevalence, incidence and remission in relation to environmental determinants
Sammanfattning : Background In the past half-century, the prevalence of asthma among children and adolescents has risen and asthma has become an important public health challenge in Sweden as well as in many other countries, necessitating further studies on this complex disease and its risk factor pattern. The studies included in this thesis aimed to investigate the clinical expression of childhood asthma over time, to describe the determinants of new-onset and remission of asthma, and to evaluate possible environmental risk factors in northern Sweden. LÄS MER