Sökning: "Hjärt-kärlsjukdomar"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 38 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Hjärt-kärlsjukdomar.

  1. 1. Craniopharyngioma. Morbidity and Structural Changes in the Brain

    Författare :Sigríður Bára Fjalldal; Lund Medicin; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; craniopharyngioma; hypothalamus; hypothalamic obesity; metabolism; cognition; magnetic resonance imaging; diffusion tensor imaging; white matter lesions; morbidity; cardiovascular risk; craniofaryngiom; hypotalamus; hypotalamisk fetma; ämnesomsättning; kognition; magnetkameraundersökning; vitsubstansförändringar; dödlighet; hjärt-kärlsjukdomar;

    Sammanfattning : Hypothalamus (HT) is a brain structure which serves as a coordination center for several vital body functions. Craniopharyngioma (CP) is a pituitary tumor with high morbidity, primarily due to HT lesion. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Non-invasive imaging for improved cardiovascular diagnostics : Shear wave elastography, relative pressure estimation, and tomographic reconstruction

    Författare :David Marlevi; Matilda Larsson; Reidar Winter; Massimiliano Colarieti-Tosti; Kathryn Nightingale; KTH; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Medical imaging; Cardiovascular disease; Atherosclerosis; Hemodynamics; Ultrasound; Shear Wave Elastography SWE ; Magnetic Resonance Imaging MRI ; 4D flow MRI; Relative Pressure; Virtual Work-Energy; micro-Computed Tomography micro-CT ; Tomographic reconstruction; Pre-clinical imaging; Medicinsk avbildning; Hjärt-kärlsjukdomar; Ateroskleros; Hemodynamik; Ultraljud; Skjuvvågselastografi SWE ; Magnetresonanstomografi MRI ; 4D flödes-MRI; Tryckfall; Virtuellt flöde; mikro-Datortomografi mikro-CT ; Tomografisk rekonstruktion; Preklinisk avbildning; Medicinsk teknologi; Medical Technology; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Sammanfattning : Throughout the last century, medical imaging has come to revolutionise the way we diagnose disease, and is today an indispensable part of virtually any clinical practice. In cardiovascular care imaging is extensively utilised, and the development of novel techniques promises refined diagnostic abilities: ultrasound elastography allows for constitutive tissue assessment, 4D flow magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) enables full-field flow mapping, and micro-Computed Tomography (CT) permits high-resolution imaging at pre-clinical level. LÄS MER

  3. 3. The Kidney in Different Stages of the Cardiovascular Continuum

    Författare :Elisabet Nerpin; Johan Ärnlöv; Erik Ingelsson; Ulf Riserus; Jan Östergren; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; epidemiology; chronic kidney disease; cystatin C; glomerular filtration rate; albuminuria; euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp; insulin sensitivity; inflammation; oxidative stress; endothelial dysfunction and left ventricular dysfunction; Medicin; Medicine; Nedsatt njurfunktion; insulinresistens; oxidativ stress och utvecklingen av hjärt-kärlsjukdomar;

    Sammanfattning : Patients with chronic kidney disease are at higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease. The complex, interaction between the kidney and the cardiovascular system is incompletely understood, particularly at the early stages of the cardiovascular continuum. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Effect of antihypertensive treatment at different blood pressure levels

    Författare :Mattias Brunström; Bo Carlberg; Mats Eliasson; Sverre Kjeldsen; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; blood pressure; hypertension; antihypertensive treatment; cardiovascular disease; randomized controlled trial; systematic review; meta-analysis; standardization;

    Sammanfattning : BackgroundHigh blood pressure is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and premature death. The shape of association between blood pressure and the risk of cardiovascular events is debated. Some researchers suggest that the association is linear or log-linear, whereas others suggest it is J-shaped. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Vascular Effects of P2 Receptors. Changes in Congestive Heart Failure

    Författare :Malin Malmsjö; Lund Medicin; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; congestive heart failure; pyrimidine; purine; P2 receptor; vasodilatation; vasoconstriction; hyperpolarisation; EDHF; NO; Vascular; endothelium; Cardiovascular system; Kardiovaskulära systemet;

    Sammanfattning : Extracellular nucleotides induce dilatation and constriction of blood vessels by activation of P2 receptors. In this thesis the vasomotor effects of P2 receptor activation were studied in the rat mesenteric artery, and their changes in congestive heart failure (CHF) were evaluated using in vitro pharmacology, electrophysiology and competitive RT-PCR. LÄS MER