Sökning: "Health inequalities"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 146 avhandlingar innehållade orden Health inequalities.

  1. 1. Health for community dwelling older people : trends, inequalities, needs and care in rural Vietnam

    Författare :Le Van Hoi; Lars Lindholm; Truong Viet Dung; Pham Thang; Nguyen Thi Kim Chuc; Zarina Kabir; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; older people; elderly health; health status; life expectancy; health-related quality of life; EQ-5D; mobility; self-care; usual activities; pain; discomfort; anxiety; depression; activity of daily living; basic ADL; instrumental ADL; intellectual ADL; non-communicable diseases; need of care; health service; model of care; mobile team; day care centre; nursing centre; inequalities; cost of care; socioeconomic; education; marital status; living arrangement; household head; working status; living area; wealth quintile; poverty line; community; cohort study; household survey; focus group discussion; qualitative research; rural; Vietnam; developing country; Asia; người cao tuổi; y tế; thực trạng sức khỏe; hy vọng sống; chất lượng cuộc sống; EQ-5D; đi lại; tự chăm sóc; hoạt động thường xuyên; đau; khó chịu; lo lắng; trầm cảm; hoạt động hàng ngày; bệnh không lây nhiễm; nhu cầu chăm sóc; dịch vụ y tế; mô hình chăm sóc; đội lưu động; trung tâm chăm sóc ban ngày; trung tâm dưỡng lão; bất bình đẳng; chi phí chăm sóc; kinh tế xã hội; giáo dục; hôn nhân; sắp xếp cuộc sống; chủ hộ; tình trạng làm việc; khu vực sống; ngũ phân thịnh vượng; chuẩn nghèo; cộng đồng; nghiên cứu theo dõi dọc; điều tra hộ gia đình; thảo luận nhóm tập trung; nghiên cứu định tính; nông thôn; Việt Nam; nước đang phát triển; châu Á; folkhälsa; Public health;

    Sammanfattning : Background InVietnam, the proportion of people aged 60 and above has increased rapidly in recent decades. The majority live in rural areas where socioeconomic status is more disadvantaged than in urban areas.Vietnam’s economic status is improving but disparities in income and living conditions are widening between groups and regions. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Essays on Social Capital, Health and Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health A Health Economic Study

    Författare :Kamrul Islam; Socialepidemiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; economic systems; economic theory; Economics; econometrics; Samhällsvetenskaper; Social sciences; epidemiologi; Folkhälsa; epidemiology; Public health; Sweden; Panel data fixed-effect model; Decomposition analysis; Concentration index; Socioeconomic health inequality; Population aging; Survival analysis; Extended Cox model; Multilevel analysis; Unbalanced panel data; Externalities; Crime rates; Election participation rates; Community social capital; Municipality-level social capital; Systematic review; Egalitarianism; Determinants of health; Mortality; Health-related quality of life; Health; Keywords; Social capital; economic policy; Nationalekonomi; ekonometri; ekonomisk teori; ekonomiska system; ekonomisk politik;

    Sammanfattning : The thesis comprises four independent research papers and a summary that focus on two related dimensions. The first dimension focuses on the understanding of the production of health. Particularly, the question is asked whether community's stock of social capital influence individual's health. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Inequalities in non-communicable diseases in urban Hanoi, Vietnam : health care utilization, expenditure and responsiveness of commune health stations

    Författare :Vu Duy Kien; Nawi Ng; Lars Weinehall; Malin Eriksson; Alexandra Krettek; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; socioeconomic inequalities; non-communicable diseases; health care utilization; catastrophic health expenditure; impoverishment; health system; commune health stations; Hanoi; Vietnam; Epidemiology; epidemiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among adults in Vietnam. Little is known about the magnitude of socioeconomic inequalities in NCDs and other NCD-related factors in urban areas, in particular among the poor living in slum areas. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Inequalities in Health : the Importance of Material/Structural Factors and Psychosocial Resources

    Författare :Fredrik Granström; Margareta Kristenson; Anu Molarius; Peter Garvin; Urban Janlert; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES;

    Sammanfattning : Socioeconomic inequalities in health are well-documented in most countries. Health differences have been shown to follow a gradient, where health status in average is somewhat poorer for every lower level in the social hierarchy. Notably, the welfare state Sweden is no exception. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Socially structured health behaviors : Studies of social inequality in adolescent and young adult physical activity, alcohol consumption, and smoking in Sweden

    Författare :Laura Wells; Viveca Östberg; Magnus Nermo; Olof Östergren; Curt Hagquist; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; health behaviors; physical activity; alcohol consumption; smoking; health lifestyle; social inequalities; socioeconomic position; education; school performance; adolescents; young adults; life course perspective; folkhälsovetenskap; Public Health Sciences;

    Sammanfattning : Health behaviors contribute to the Swedish national disease burden and to social inequalities in health. This thesis aims to increase our knowledge of whether, when, and how health behaviors become socially structured during early life in Sweden. LÄS MER