Sökning: "Health impact assessment"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 431 avhandlingar innehållade orden Health impact assessment.

  1. 1. Health effects of heatwaves : short and long term predictions

    Författare :Christofer Åström; Bertil Forsberg; Kristie L. Ebi; Scott Sheridan; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Heatwave; health impact assessment; early warning system; mortality; morbidity; climate change;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Climate change is defined by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change as changes in the state of the climate associated with changes in the mean and/or the variability of its properties. Climate change will affect temperatures both as an increase in mean temperature as well as changes in the frequency of temperature extremes. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Child Health, Health Services and Systems in UK and other European countries

    Författare :Ingrid Wolfe; Staffan Jansson; Boel Gäre; Karlstads universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; child health; public health; health services and Systems assessment; UK; Europe; Public Health Science; Folkhälsovetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : BackgroundThis work in child population medicine describes child health problems, increases knowledge of health services, systems, and wider determinants, and makes recommendations for improvements.AimsTo explore trends in UK child health and health service quality and highlight policy lessons from the UK and other European countriesTo study child health and health services in western Europe and derive lessons from different approaches to common challengesTo enhance knowledge on child to adult transition careTo describe trends in UK and EU15+ child and adolescent mortality and seek explanations for deteriorating UK health system performance, and make recommendations for improving survivalMethodsPopulation level measures of health status and system performance; primary and secondary research on policies and practice for health system assessments. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Impacts of Active Transport on Health : with a focus on physical activity, air pollution, and cardiovascular disease

    Författare :Wasif Raza; Johan Nilsson Sommar; Bertil Forsberg; Benno Krachler; Otto Hänninen; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Health impact assessment; Air pollution; Active commuting; Exercise; Interaction. Cardiovascular diseases; Ischemic heart diseases; Stroke; Public health; folkhälsa; Occupational and Environmental Medicine; arbets- och miljömedicin;

    Sammanfattning : Background: There are increasing number of health impact assessment studies investigating the health effects by transferring trips made by motorised transport to active commuting; however, air pollution exposure during active commuting and its impact on health has been less thoroughly assessed. It is furthermore uncertain whether there is any interaction effect between air pollution and physical activity for the risk of cardiovascular diseases. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Exposure to particulate matter and the related health impacts in major Estonian cities

    Författare :Hans Orru; Bertil Forsberg; Eda Merisalu; Marko Kaasik; Per-Inge Grennfelt; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Particulate matter; traffic; health impact assessment; cardiopulmonary; Environmental medicine; Miljömedicin; Occupational and Environmental Medicine; arbets- och miljömedicin;

    Sammanfattning : Particulate matter (PM) is one of the most studied and problematic pollutants due to its toxicity and relati­vely high concentrations. This thesis aims to clarify the main sources and exposures of PM in Tallinn and Tartu, study the associations with health effects, and estimate the extent of those effects with health impact assessment (HIA). LÄS MER

  5. 5. Improving efficiency, access to and quality of the rural health extension programme in Tigray, Ethiopia : the case of malaria diagnosis and treatment

    Författare :Hailemariam Lemma; Miguel San Sebastian; Curt Löfgren; Wakgari Deressa; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Health extension programme; Malaria; Rapid diagnostic test; Acess health care; Efficiency; Cost-effectiveness; Adherence; Community health worker.; folkhälsa; Public health;

    Sammanfattning : Introduction: Ensuring universal access to primary health care (PHC) is a key component of the Ethiopian nationalhealth policy. The policy also emphasises promoting and enhancing national self-reliance in health development bymobilizing and efficiently utilizing resources including community participation. LÄS MER