Sökning: "Hard X-ray"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 106 avhandlingar innehållade orden Hard X-ray.

  1. 1. Nanofabrication of Diffractive Soft X-ray Optics

    Författare :Magnus Lindblom; Hans M. Hertz; Erik H. Anderson; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Nanofabrication; Zone plate; x-ray; diffractive x-ray optics; x-ray microscopy; Optics; Optik; Physics; Fysik;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis summarizes the present status of the nanofabrication of diffractive optics, i.e. zone plates, and test objects for soft x-ray microscopy at KTH. The emphasis is on new and improved fabrication processes for nickel and germanium zone plates. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Phase-Contrast and High-Resolution Optics for X-Ray Microscopy

    Författare :Olof von Hofsten; Ulrich Vogt; Ian McNulty; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Microscopy; X-ray optics; X-ray microscopy; Soft X-ray physics; Optics; Optik; Physics; Fysik;

    Sammanfattning : X-ray microscopy is a well-established technique for nanoscale imaging. Zone plates are used as microscope objectives and provide high resolution, approaching 10 nm, currently limited by fabrication issues. This Thesis presents zone plate optics that achieve either high resolution or phase contrast in x-ray microscopy. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Compact Liquid-Jet X-Ray Sources

    Författare :Oscar Hemberg; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :liquid-jet; x-ray; EUV; plasma; electron beam; source;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis describes the development, characterization andoptimization of compact, high-brightness, liquid-jet-targetx-ray sources. Two different source types have been developedfor different wavelength regions and applications. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Characterisation and application of a laser-based hard x-ray source

    Författare :Matthias Grätz; Atomfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; X-ray spectroscopy; radiography; medical imaging; differential imaging; time-gated imaging; scatter reduction; Monte Carlo simulation; Atomic and molecular physics; computed tomography; Fysicumarkivet A:1998:Grätz; laser-produced plasma; Atom- och molekylärfysik; X-ray sources;

    Sammanfattning : Hard X-rays are generated by focusing 110 fs laser pulses with intensities of about 1017 W·cm-2 onto solid metal targets. Characteristic properties of this X-ray source are the small source size, the short pulse duration and the high peak flux. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Passivity & Breakdown of Super Duplex Stainless Steel : Studied with Electrochemical & Synchrotron Techniques

    Författare :Marie Långberg; Jinshan Pan; David Lindell; Ulf Kivisäkk; Edvin Lundgren; Sannakaisa Virtanen; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :Passive film; duplex stainless steel; synchrotron X-ray reflectivity; X-ray diffraction; X-ray fluorescence; hard X-ray Photoelectron emission microscopy; X-ray Photoelectron spectroscopy; Electrochemical impedance; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Super duplex stainless steel consists of two phases: austenite and ferrite, and is a highly corrosion resistant material, with a wide range of applications. The corrosion resistance of stainless steels is determined by the performance of a spontaneously formed thin Cr oxide rich film with a thickness of 1-3 nm. LÄS MER