Sökning: "HRCT"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 9 avhandlingar innehållade ordet HRCT.

  1. 1. High resolution computed tomography in smoking induced disease

    Författare :Jenny Vikgren; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :Smoking induced disease; emphysema; bronchiolitis; HRCT; lung function;

    Sammanfattning : Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), usually caused by smoking, is common. It has high morbidity and mortality, and the prevalence is expected to increase. In Sweden about 500 000 individuals are affected, and COPD is the third most common cause of death among men. COPD is due to various combinations of small airway disease and emphysema. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Radiological imaging of pulmonary emphysema : Preoperative evaluation of candidates for lung volume reduction surgery

    Författare :Kerstin Cederlund; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Computed tomography; quantitative computed tomography; emphysema; lung volume reduction surgery; lung scintigraphy.;

    Sammanfattning : Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) for pulmonary emphysema, first described by Brantigan in 1957, was re-introduced by Cooper et al in 1995. From a surgical point of view, information on the extent and distribution of emphysema is mandatory and also partly determines the outcome. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Pulmonary manifestations in smoking-related diseases : clinical studies with emphasis on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and rheumatoid arthritis

    Författare :Reza Karimi; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Sammanfattning : Smoking is a risk factor for a number of diseases including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Cigarette smoke initiates an inflammatory response which leads to structural changes in the airways and in the lung parenchyma. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Airway inflammation in "healthy" smokers. Relation to lung function and high resolution CT findings

    Författare :Ann Ekberg-Jansson; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; smoking; bronchoalveolar lavage; bronchial biopsies; cytokines; lymphocytes; computed tomography; lung function; respiratory symptoms;

    Sammanfattning : The aim of the present study was to characterize the inflammatory pattern in "healthy"smokers and relate it to lung function, high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) findings and respiratory symptoms in order to identify smokers at risk to develop COPD. Subjects were recruited from a population study "Men born 1933 in Göteborg". LÄS MER

  5. 5. Smoking and human airway inflammatory cells : studies with focus on T cells in the development of COPD

    Författare :Helena Forsslund; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Sammanfattning : Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the fourth leading cause of death worldwide, is characterized by persistent airflow limitation and a chronic inflammation of the lungs. One of the major risk factors is long-term exposure to cigarette smoking. LÄS MER