Sökning: "Glucose"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 1364 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Glucose.

  1. 1. Glucose and lipid metabolism in insulin resistance an experimental study in fat cells

    Detta är en avhandling från Umeå : Folkhälsa och klinisk medicin

    Författare :Jonas Burén; Umeå universitet.; [2003]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Public health; adipocyte; insulin resistance; type 2 diabetes; insulin signalling; glucose uptake; insulin; glucose; dexamethasone; insulin receptor substrate; protein kinase B; GLUT4; lipoprotein lipase; Folkhälsomedicin; MEDICINE Social medicine Public health medicine research areas; MEDICIN Socialmedicin Folkhälsomedicinska forskningsområden; medicin; Medicine;

    Sammanfattning : Type 2 diabetes is usually caused by a combination of pancreatic β-cell failure and insulin resistance in target tissues like liver, muscle and fat. Insulin resistance is characterised by an impaired effect of insulin to reduce hepatic glucose production and to promote glucose uptake in peripheral tissues. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Pharmacometrics Modelling in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Implications on Study Design and Diabetes Disease Progression

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Siti Maisharah Sheikh Ghadzi; Uppsala universitet.; [2017]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pharmacometric; type 2 diabetes mellitus; impaired glucose tolerance; prediabetes; anti-diabetes drug development; insulin; glucose; natural diabetes disease progression; lifestyle intervention; short-term provocation; long-term effect; glucose homeostasis; glucose and insulin regulation; weight; dropout; Pharmaceutical Science; Farmaceutisk vetenskap; Endokrinologi och Diabetologi; Endocrinology and Diabetology;

    Sammanfattning : Pharmacometric modelling is widely used in many aspects related to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), for instance in the anti-diabetes drug development, and in quantifying the disease progression of T2DM.The aim of this thesis were to improve the design of early phase anti-diabetes drug development studies with the focus on the power to identify mechanism of drug action (MoA), and to characterize and quantify the progression from prediabetes to overt diabetes, both the natural progression and the progression with diet and exercise interventions, using pharmacometrics modelling. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Development of Flourescence-based Immunosensors for Continous Carbohydrate Monotoring Applications for Maltose and Glucose

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Henrik Engström; Högskolan i Kalmar.; [2007]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Carbohydrate; Diabetes; Immunosensor; Glucose; Maltose; Weak affinity chromatograhpy; Kolhydrater; Glukos; Maltose; Affinitetskromatografi; Diabetes; MEDICINE Chemistry Biochemistry; MEDICIN Kemi Biokemi; Bioteknik; Biotechnology;

    Sammanfattning : Weak affinity interaction of monoclonal antibodies and carbohydrate antigens can be detected and quantified by alterations in the antibodies' intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence. These weak/transient binding events have been monitored by total internal reflection fluorescence (TlRF) by facilitating the change in intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Beta-glucose 1-phosphate interconverting enzymes in Lactococcus lactis: physiological role and regulation in maltose, trehalose and glucose metabolism

    Detta är en avhandling från Birgit Johansson, secretary at Applied Microbiology, Center for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Lund University

    Författare :Ulrika Andersson; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2002]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; virology; mycology; Mikrobiologi; bakteriologi; virologi; mykologi; Biochemical technology; Biokemisk teknik; bacteriology; Microbiology; Kemiteknik och kemisk teknologi; Chemical technology and engineering; trehalose 6-phosphate phosphorylase; beta-phosphoglucomutase; maltose phosphorylase; glucose; trehalose; maltose; Lactococcus lactis; beta-glucose 1-phosphate;

    Sammanfattning : Lactic acid bacteria (LAB), including Lactococcus lactis, are abundant in nature. These bacteria convert carbohydrates into mainly lactate by a rather uncomplicated metabolism. An improved understanding of the physiological and genetical mechanisms involved in carbohydrate metabolism and its regulation will improve the industrial use of LAB. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Oxidative stress and inflammation as a response to glucose exposure and dialysis

    Detta är en avhandling från Department of Nephrology, Lund University

    Författare :Anna Bryland; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2013]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Glucose; glucose degradation products; dialysis; diabetes; oxidative stress; inflammation; endothelial dysfunction;

    Sammanfattning : Abstract: The main player of this thesis is glucose, both on a cellular level and with a clinical approach. Too much or wrongly handled glucose contributes to increased inflammation and oxidative stress, which is reinforced by the negative influences of uraemia and dialysis treatment. LÄS MER