Sökning: "Glucose transporter"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 66 avhandlingar innehållade orden Glucose transporter.

  1. 1. Quantitation, Purification and Reconstitution of the Red Blood Cell Glucose Transporter GLUT1

    Författare :Shusheng Zuo; Bengt Mannervik; Bengt Persson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Biochemistry; Cholesterol; Cytochalasin B; Glucose; GLUT1; Hummel and Dreyer analysis; Immobilization; PEG 5000 -DSPE; Biomembrane; Proteoliposome; Quantitative frontal affinity chromatography; Red blood cell streptavidin-biotin immobilization; Sulfhydryl affinity chromatography; The modified micro-Bradford CaPE assay; MALDI-ToF-MS; Biokemi; Biochemistry; Biokemi;

    Sammanfattning : The human glucose transporter GLUT1 facilitates glucose to be accumulated on the other side of the cell membrane. The functional state of GLUT1 is uncertain due to diversity of the reports. In this thesis, the activity of red blood cell GLUT1 was extensively studied to further characterize this protein. LÄS MER

  2. 2. β-Adrenergic Signalling Through mTOR

    Författare :Jessica M. Olsen; Tore Bengtsson; Martin Klingenspor; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Glucose uptake; Brown adipose tissue; White adipose tissue; Skeletal muscle; Mechanistic target of rapamycin; Glucose transporter; Physiology; Physiology; fysiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Adrenergic signalling is part of the sympathetic nervous system and is activated upon stimulation by the catecholamines epinephrine and norepinephrine. This regulates heart rate, energy mobilization, digestion and helps to divert blood flow to important organs. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Solute Carriers in Metabolism : Regulation of known and putative solute carriers in the central nervous system

    Författare :Emilia Lekholm; Robert Fredriksson; Helgi B. Schiöth; David Drew; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Solute Carriers; transporter; amino acid starvation; glucose metabolism; MFS; SV2; Medical Science; Medicinsk vetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : Solute carriers (SLCs) are membrane-bound transporter proteins, important for nutrient, ion, drug and metabolite transport across membranes. A quarter of the human genome codes for membrane-bound proteins, and SLCs make up the largest group of transporter proteins. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Affinity-, Partition- and Permeability Properties of the Human Red Blood Cell Membrane and Biomembrane Models, with Emphasis on the GLUT1 Glucose Transporter

    Författare :Christine Lagerquist Hägglund; Per Lundahl; Jørgen Vinten; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Biochemistry; Affinity; Aromatic amino acids; Binding; Biomembrane; Biotin; Chromatography; Cytochalasin B; Dihydrocytochalasin B; Dissociation constant; Drug absorption; Ethanol; Equilibrium; Glucose; GLUT1; Immobilization; Immobilized biomembrane affinity chromatography; Immobilized liposome chromatography; Interaction; Liposome; Membrane protein; Membrane vesicle; Partitioning; Phospholipid bilayer; Proteoliposome; Quantitative; Red blood cell; Specific; Streptavidin; Tyrosine; Tryptophan; Biokemi; Biochemistry; Biokemi;

    Sammanfattning : The human glucose transporter GLUT1 is abundant in red blood cells, the blood-brain barrier and epithelial cells, where it mediates the transport of the energy metabolite, glucose. In the present work some properties of GLUT1, including affinity binding of both substrates and inhibitors, transport rates as well as permeabilities of aromatic amino acids and drug-membrane interactions were analyzed by chromatographic methods. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Chromatographic Studies of Solute Interactions with Immobilized Red Blood Cells and Biomembranes

    Författare :Ingo Gottschalk; Irving W. Wainer; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Biochemistry; Affinity; Binding; Biomembrane; Biotin; Chromatography; Cytochalasin B; Dissociation constant; Drug absorption; Equilibrium; Glucose; GLUT1; Immobilization; Immobilized biomembrane affinity chromatography; Immobilized liposome chromatography; Interaction; Liposome; Membrane protein; Membrane vesicle; Partitioning; Phospholipid bilayer; Proteoliposome; Quantitative; Red blood cell; Solute; Specific; Streptavidin; Wheat germ agglutinin; Biokemi; Biochemistry; Biokemi; Biokemi; Biochemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Specific and non-specific interactions of solutes with immobilized biomembranes were studied using chromatographic methods. Liposomes, proteoliposomes and red blood cell (RBC) membrane vesicles were immobilized by a freeze-thawing procedure, whereas whole RBCs were adsorbed in the gel beds using electrostatic interaction, binding to wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) or the streptavidin-biotin interaction. LÄS MER