Sökning: "Glucose Metabolism"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 497 avhandlingar innehållade orden Glucose Metabolism.

  1. 1. Glucose and lipid metabolism in insulin resistance : an experimental study in fat cells

    Författare :Jonas Burén; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Public health; adipocyte; insulin resistance; type 2 diabetes; insulin signalling; glucose uptake; insulin; glucose; dexamethasone; insulin receptor substrate; protein kinase B; GLUT4; lipoprotein lipase; Folkhälsomedicin; Public health medicine research areas; Folkhälsomedicinska forskningsområden; medicin; Medicine;

    Sammanfattning : Type 2 diabetes is usually caused by a combination of pancreatic β-cell failure and insulin resistance in target tissues like liver, muscle and fat. Insulin resistance is characterised by an impaired effect of insulin to reduce hepatic glucose production and to promote glucose uptake in peripheral tissues. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Metabolic Engineering of the Central Carbon Metabolism in Streptococcus thermophilus for Enhanced Exopolysaccharide Production

    Författare :Malin Svensson; Teknisk mikrobiologi; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Food and drink technology; Livsmedelsteknik; Biotechnology; Bioteknik; Biokemisk teknik; Biochemical technology; Analytisk kemi; Analytical chemistry; metabolism; Biokemi; Metabolism; mykologi; Biochemistry; virologi; Mikrobiologi; bakteriologi; virology; mycology; bacteriology; Streptococcus thermophilus; Microbiology; Metabolic engineering; Lactic acid bacteria; Exopolysaccharides; Central carbon metabolism;

    Sammanfattning : The lactic acid bacterium, Streptococcus thermophilus, is used in the dairy industry in mixed cultures with Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus for the production of yoghurt. Many strains of S. thermophilus produce exopolysaccharides (EPSs) which affect the texture and viscosity of fermented food products. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Chemical genetics discloses the importance of heme and glucose metabolism in Chlamydia trachomatis pathogenesis

    Författare :Patrik Engström; Sven Bergström; Ted Hackstadt; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Chlamydiae; heme metabolism; glucose metabolism; glucose-6-phosphate; RB-to-EB transition; molekylärbiologi; Molecular Biology;

    Sammanfattning : Chlamydiae are important human bacterial pathogens with an intracellular life cycle that consists of two distinct bacterial forms, an infectious form (EB) that infects the eukaryotic host cell, and a non-infectious form (RB) that allows intracellular proliferation. To be successful, chlamydiae need to alternate between EB and RB to generate infectious EB’s which are competent to infect new host cells. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Perinatal Energy Substrate Metabolism : Glucose Production and Lipolysis in Pregnant Women and Newborn Infants with Particular Reference to Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR)

    Författare :Barbro Diderholm; Jan Gustafsson; Uwe Ewald; Olle Söder; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pediatrics; Lipolysis; Glucose; Newborn infant; Pregnant women; IUGR; Insulin; Stable isotopes; Pediatrik; Paediatric medicine; Pediatrisk medicin;

    Sammanfattning : Glucose is the most important fetal nutrient and the production of this substrate increases in the pregnant woman. In the last trimester the increased insulin resistance directs energy substrates to the fetus. Fetal growth is sometimes disturbed, often without an obvious explanation. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Apolipoprotein A-I in glucose metabolism and amyloidosis

    Författare :Oktawia Nilsson; Medicinsk proteinvetenskap; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Amyloidosis; Apolipoprotein A-I; beta cell; cardiovascular disease; cholesterol efflux; diabetes; glucose metabolism; glycation; high-density lipoprotein; insulin secretion;

    Sammanfattning : The role of Apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I), the main protein component of HDL, in cholesterol transport and metabolism is well known and has been studied for more than four decades. More recently, ApoA-I protein has been shown to also have a positive role in glucose control by both stimulation of glucose uptake by muscles and by increasing glucose-stimulated pancreatic insulin secretion. LÄS MER