Sökning: "Gastrointestinal hormones"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 31 avhandlingar innehållade orden Gastrointestinal hormones.

  1. 1. Adolescent type 1 diabetes : Eating and gastrointestinal function

    Författare :Maria Lodefalk; Peter Bang; Jan Åman; Hans-Jacob Bangstad; Sweden Stockholm Karolinska institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; type 1 diabetes; adolescence; food habits; gastrointestinal symptoms; incretins; ghrelin; eating disorders; gastric emptying; postprandial glycaemia; Pediatrik; Pediatrics;

    Sammanfattning : Adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) are given nutritional education, but the knowledge about their adherence to the food recommendations and associations between dietary intake and metabolic control is poor. Gastrointestinal symptoms are more prevalent in adults with T1DM than in healthy controls, which may be due to disturbed gastrointestinal motility. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Gastrointestinal Permeability and Motility in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

    Författare :Anas Kh. Al-Saffar; Per Hellström; Dominic-Luc Webb; Åsa Keita; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Gastrointestinal motility; intestinal permeability; Mucosal; Ghrelin; Medicinsk vetenskap; Medical Science;

    Sammanfattning : Synchronized motility, permeability and secretory (hormones and enzymes) events are integral to normal physiology. Smooth muscle syncytium operates with enteric nervous system (ENS) and endocrine signalling to accommodate, mix and control passage of ingested materials. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Peripheral and central factors in the pathophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome

    Författare :Iris Posserud; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :irritable bowel syndrome IBS ; visceral perception; rectal perception; visceral hypersensitivity; gastrointestinal symptoms; hypervigilance; selective attention; stress; small intestinal bacterial overgrowth; rectal barostat; small bowel motility; gastrointestinal dysmotility;

    Sammanfattning : Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorder characterized by abdominal pain and/or discomfort together with abnormal bowel habits. The pathophysiology is complex and incompletely understood. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Metabolic and Endocrine Responses to Nocturnal Eating

    Författare :Ulf Holmbäck; Linda Morgan; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Nutrition; postprandial; substrate utilization; circadian; hormones; mood; Näringslära; Nutrition; Näringslära; Nutrition; näringslära;

    Sammanfattning : An increasing amount of people have their work hours displaced to the night and there are indications that shift work and other irregular working schedules are associated with an increased risk of developing the metabolic syndrome and other pathological conditions. It is therefore important to address the consequences of eating at irregular hours, especially nighttime. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass - clinical outcome and mechanisms of action

    Författare :Malin Werling; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Roux-en-Y gastric bypass; Obesity; Bariatric surgery; Energy chamber; Gastrointestinal hormones; GLP-1; PYY; Ghrelin; Energy expenditure; Body composition; Vertical Banded Gastroplasty; Indirect calorimetry; Overweight treatment; Weight loss;

    Sammanfattning : Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (gastric bypass) is an effective surgical technique for treating morbid obesity. The objective of this thesis is to increase knowledge of long-term outcomes of gastric bypass surgery and to elucidate some of the associated mechanisms of action. LÄS MER