Sökning: "Gammakamera"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 15 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Gammakamera.

  1. 1. Computational and experimental methods for imaging and dosimetry in 177Lu radionuclide therapy : Classical and novel gamma cameras

    Författare :Daniel Roth; Lund Medicinsk strålningsfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Radionuklidterapi; [177Lu]Lu-DOTA-TATE; Gammakamera; Aktivitetskvantifiering; Dosimetri; CdZnTe; Monte Carlo; Radionuclide therapy; [177Lu]Lu-DOTA-TATE; Gamma camera imaging; Activity quantification; Dosimetry; CdZnTe; Monte Carlo;

    Sammanfattning : Radionuclide therapy (RNT) is a form of radiotherapy that uses unsealed radioactive sources for the delivery of ionising radiation within a patient's body.Radiation dosimetry is not used routinely in all centres, and the RNT field can benefit from more data on pharmacokinetics and absorbed doses (ADs). LÄS MER

  2. 2. Ventilation of the Paranasal Sinuses. A study using the 133-Xenon Washout Technique

    Författare :Bo Paulsson; Lund Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; auditive system and speech; single photon emission computed tomography; paranasal sinuses; ventilation; 133-xenon; chronic sinusitis; nose-sinus model; endoscopic sinus surgery; oxymetazoline; Otorhinolaryngology; Otorinolaryngologi; audiologi; hörsel- och talorganen; audiology;

    Sammanfattning : A noninvasive 133-xenon washout technique was used to evaluate the ventilation of the paranasal sinuses in healthy subjects and in patients with sinus disease. A mixture of air and 133-xenon is insufflated into the nasal cavities and passage into the sinuses is facilitated by a pressure increase created by letting the subjects inflate a balloon. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Image Processing for Quantitative Scintillation-Camera Imaging. Application to Radionuclide Therapy

    Författare :Katarina Sjögreen Gleisner; Lund Medicinsk strålningsfysik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; tomografi; radiologi; Klinisk fysiologi; medical instrumentation; tomography; radiology; 131-I; Clinical physics; SPECT; conjugate-view; volume quantification; activity quantification; image registration; image segmentation; medicinsk instrumentering; Nuclear medicine; radiobiology; Nukleärmedicin; radiobiologi; Radiopharmaceutical technology; Radiofarmaceutisk teknik;

    Sammanfattning : Individual-based determinations of the absorbed dose in radionuclide therapy largely rely on absolute measurement of the activity distribution and its redistribution over time. Scintillation-camera imaging is the most commonly employed measuring technique, applied in planar or SPECT mode, sometimes in combination with structural images from CT. LÄS MER

  4. 4. A clinical positron emission tomography facility. 2-[18-F]FDG studies: development and results

    Författare :Tomas G Ohlsson; Lund Medicinsk strålningsfysik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; radiology; Clinical physics; head and neck cancer; monitoring therapy effect; quantification; normalization; 511 keV SPECT; rotating PET scanner; 2-[18-F]FDG; isotope production; 18-F; PET; positron emission tomography; tomography; medical instrumentation; Klinisk fysiologi; radiologi; tomografi; medicinsk instrumentering;

    Sammanfattning : Positron emission tomography (PET) is a tracer technique used for quantitative in vivo studies of physiological and biochemical processes. Because of the use of positron-emitting radionuclides such as 11-C, 13-N, 15-O and 18-F, which are isotopes of the biologically ubiquitous elements, it is possible to label radiopharmaceuticals which trace biochemical processes precisely. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Attenuation correction in pulmonary and myocardial single photon emission computed tomography

    Författare :Helén Almquist; Lund Klinisk fysiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Klinisk fysiologi; tomography; medical instrumentation; radiology; Clinical physics; downscatter; myocardial perfustion; ventilation-perfusion ratio; radiologi; pulmonary density; pulmonary perfusion; attenuation correction; SPECT; transmission measurement; tomografi; medicinsk instrumentering;

    Sammanfattning : The objective was to develop and validate methods for single photon emission computed tomography, SPECT, allowing quantitative physiological and diagnostic studies of lung and heart. A method for correction of variable attenuation in SPECT, based on transmission measurements before administration of an isotope to the subject, was developed and evaluated. LÄS MER