Sökning: "Galaxy: solar neighbourhood"

Hittade 5 avhandlingar innehållade orden Galaxy: solar neighbourhood.

  1. 1. The origin and chemical evolution of iron-peak and neutron-capture elements in the Milky Way disk

    Författare :Chiara Battistini; Astronomi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Stars: abundances; Stars: solar-type; Galaxy: disk; Galaxy: evolution; Galaxy: solar neighbourhood;

    Sammanfattning : All the elements heavier than Li are created during stellar evolution. Even if our knowledge of this process is good, many questions still remain. LÄS MER

  2. 2. The nature of stars with a common origin: clues from metallicity, elemental abundances, and kinematics

    Författare :Cheng Liu; Astronomi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Stars: abundances; Galaxy: evolution; Galaxy: solar neighbourhood; Galaxy: bulge; Galaxy: globular clusters;

    Sammanfattning : Most of field stars originate from dissolved star clusters. If the gas cloud is well mixed the stars in the cluster are expected to be chemically homogenous. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Galactic Structure Revealed by Space Astrometry

    Författare :Johan Holmberg; Astronomi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Astronomi; cosmic chemistry; Galactic structure; Milky Way Galaxy; Galactic kinematics and dynamics; Galactic chemical evolution; moving groups; solar neighbourhood; dark matter; astrometry; Hipparcos; space research; Astronomy; rymdvetenskap; kosmisk kemi; Space technology; Rymdteknik; Fysicumarkivet A:2001:Holmberg;

    Sammanfattning : This work demonstrates how the structure of our Galaxy, the Milky Way, can be unveiled with the use of space astrometry. It consists of two parts, of which the first is a brief introduction to the fields of Galactic structure, covering the Galaxy's stellar constituents, how the Galaxy was formed and how it has evolved over time, both chemically and kinematically. LÄS MER

  4. 4. The nature of kinematic structures in the Galactic disc

    Författare :Iryna Kushniruk; Astronomi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Galaxy : evolution; Galaxy: structure; Galaxy : kinematics and dynamics;

    Sammanfattning : The velocity distribution of stars in the Galactic disc is complex and consists of a vast number of kinematic structures, that is, stars that share similar velocity components. The reasons why some stars move together may be different and are related to dynamical processes connected to the Galaxy, both internal as well as external ones, such as resonances with the Galactic bar or the Galactic spiral arm structure, dissolution of open clusters, or merger events with other galaxies. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Dark Matter in the Solar System, Galaxy, and Beyond

    Författare :Axel Widmark; Jens Jasche; Malcolm Fairbairn; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; dark matter: phenomenology; dark matter: indirect detection; dark matter: particle nature; Galactic dynamics; Galactic composition; Theoretical Physics; teoretisk fysik;

    Sammanfattning : There is evidence that dark matter constitutes a majority of the Universe's matter content. Yet, we are ignorant about its nature. Understanding dark matter requires new physics, possibly in the form of a new species of fundamental particles. LÄS MER