Sökning: "Fysikum Stockholms universitet"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 447 avhandlingar innehållade orden Fysikum Stockholms universitet.

  1. 1. Precision mass measurements : Final limit of SMILETRAP I and the developments of SMILETRAP II

    Författare :Andreas Solders; Reinhold Schuch; Juha Äystö; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; SMILETRAP; Precision mass spectrometry; Penning trap; Atomic mass; Highly charged ions; Low energy ion storage; Time of flight ion cyclotron resonance; High frequency; Proton mass; QED; g-factor; Physics; Fysik; Physics; fysik;

    Sammanfattning : The subject of this thesis is high-precision mass-measurements performed with Penning trap mass spectrometers (PTMS). In particular it describes the SMILETRAP I PTMS and the final results obtained with it, the masses of 40Ca and that of the proton. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Challenges in Enzyme Catalysis - Photosystem II and Orotidine Decarboxylase : A Density Functional Theory Treatment

    Författare :Marcus Lundberg; Margareta Blomberg; Per Siegbahn; Jeremy Harvey; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; photosystem II; oxyl radical; manganese systems; orotidine decarboxylase; reaction mechanism; density functional theory; Quantum chemistry; Kvantkemi;

    Sammanfattning : Possibly the most fascinating biochemical mechanism remaining to be solved is the formation of oxygen from water in photosystem II. This is a critical part of the photosynthetic reaction that makes solar energy accessible to living organisms. LÄS MER

  3. 3. FPGA-based Instrumentation for Advanced Physics Experiments

    Författare :Attila Hidvégi; Samuel Silverstein; Martin Grossmann; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Instrumentation; Data acquisition; clock distribution; trigger; FPGA; PCB; LHC; ATLAS; XFEL; fysik; Physics;

    Sammanfattning : Modern physical experiments often demand advanced instrumentation based on advances in  technology. This work describes four instrumentation physics projects that are based on modern, high-capacity Field-Programmable Gate Arrays, making use of their versatility, programmability, high bandwidth communication interfaces and signal processing capabilities. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Strongly Correlated Moiré Materials

    Författare :Ahmed Abouelkomsan; Emil Bergholtz; Vladimir Juričić; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; teoretisk fysik; Theoretical Physics;

    Sammanfattning : Recent advances in materials science have established Moiré materials as a new highly tunable and versatile form of quantum matter. When two dimensional atomic layers are brought into proximity, a tiny relative twist or a slight lattice mismatch produces Moiré patterns manifested in a superlattice structure with a lattice constant that is much larger than the lattice constants of the constituent layers. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Search for Direct Top Squark Pair Production with the ATLAS Experiment and Studies of the Primary Vertex Reconstruction Performance

    Författare :Yiming Abulaiti; Sara Strandberg; Robert Wagner; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; SUSY;

    Sammanfattning : The ATLAS detector is one of the two largest experiments installed at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research. During the first run, the ATLAS detector recorded data at centre of mass energies of 7 TeV and 8 TeV, enabling many precision measurements and new physics searches. LÄS MER