Sökning: "Fysik Physics"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 3985 avhandlingar innehållade orden Fysik Physics.

  1. 1. On string integrability : A journey through the two-dimensional hidden symmetries in the AdS/CFT dualities

    Författare :Valentina Giangreco Marotta Puletti; Konstantin Zarembo; Gleb Arutyunov; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; String Theory; AdS-CFT correspondence; Integrable Field theory; Sigma models; S-matrix; Factorized Scattering; Physics; Fysik; Mathematical physics; Matematisk fysik; Theoretical Physics; teoretisk fysik;

    Sammanfattning : One of the main topics in the modern String Theory are the conjectured string/gauge (AdS/CFT) dualities. Proving such conjectures is extremely difficult since the gauge and string theory perturbative regimes do not overlap. In this perspective, the discovery of infinitely many conserved charges, i.e. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Linear response theory : from black hole thermalization to Weyl semimetals

    Författare :Jorge Laraña Aragón; Bo Sundborg; Edwin Langman; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Theoretical Physics; teoretisk fysik;

    Sammanfattning : Linear response theory is an incredibly powerful calculation tool. We apply this framework in quantum field theory to a variety of models originated from distinct areas in theoretical physics and for different reasons. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Calibration of the ATLAS calorimeters and discovery potential for massive top quark resonances at the LHC

    Författare :Elin Bergeås Kuutmann; Jörgen Sjölin; Kerstin Jon-And; Sten Hellman; Hans Bøggild; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; particle physics; the ATLAS experiment; the Large Hadron Collider; calorimeter; calorimetry; hadronic calibration; top quark; top quark pair resonances; search for physics beyond the Standard Model; Elementary particle physics; Elementarpartikelfysik; Physics; Fysik; fysik; Physics;

    Sammanfattning : ATLAS is a multi-purpose detector which has recently started to take data at the LHC at CERN. This thesis describes the tests and calibrations of the central calorimeters of ATLAS and outlines a search for heavy top quark pair resonances. LÄS MER

  4. 4. First Determination of the Electric Charge of the Top Quark and Studies of the Top Quark Pair Background to New Physics

    Författare :Per Hansson; Bengt Lund-Jensen; Jorgen D'Hondt; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; experimental particle physics; particle physics; standard model tests; dzero; fermilab; tevatron; top quark; top physics; electric charge; atlas; cern; lhc; large hadron collider; supersymmetry; Elementary particle physics; Elementarpartikelfysik; Physics; Fysik;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis is concerned with experimental investigations of properties of the top quark and processes involving this particle. In the first part of the thesis, the first determination of the electric charge of the top quark is presented. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Phenomenology of Inert Scalar and Supersymmetric Dark Matter

    Författare :Erik Lundström; Joakim Edsjö; Lars Bergström; Michel Tytgat; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Dark matter; inert scalars; supersymmetry; indirect detection; accelerator searches; Physics; Fysik; Astroparticle physics; Astropartikelfysik; Elementary particle physics; Elementarpartikelfysik; teoretisk fysik; Theoretical Physics;

    Sammanfattning : While the dark matter has so far only revealed itself through the gravitational influence it exerts on its surroundings, there are good reasons to believe it is made up by WIMPs – a hypothetical class of heavy elementary particles not encompassed by the Standard Model of particle physics. The Inert Doublet Model constitutes a simple extension of the Standard Model Higgs sector. LÄS MER