Sökning: "Forest edge"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 23 avhandlingar innehållade orden Forest edge.

  1. 1. Forest edge development

    Författare :Björn Wiström; Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.; [2015]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis investigates design guidelines and management systems for the development of stationary forest edges with a graded profile in infrastructure and urban environments. The spatial restriction for the edge to move forward caused by human land use counteracts the natural dynamics and development patterns of graded forest edges. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Forest edges in boreal landscapes - factors affecting edge influence

    Författare :Ulrika Jansson; Umeå universitet.; [2009]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; aerial photographs; edge contrast; edge density; edge length; fetch size; forest fragmentation; lichen growth; line intersect sampling; pendulous lichen; photo interpretation; skogskant; flygbild; kantlängd; lav; NATURAL SCIENCES Biology Terrestrial; freshwater and marine ecology Terrestrial ecology; NATURVETENSKAP Biologi Terrestisk; limnisk och marin ekologi Terrestisk ekologi; ekologisk botanik; Ecological Botany;

    Sammanfattning : The boreal forest in Fennoscandia has been subjected to major loss and fragmentation of natural forests due to intensive forestry. This has resulted in that forest edges are now abundant and important landscape features. Edges have documented effects on the structure, function and biodiversity in forests. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Living on the edge effectiveness of buffer strips in protecting biodiversity on boreal riparian forests

    Författare :Kristoffer Hylander; Umeå universitet.; [2004]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Ecology; boreal forest; bryophyte; buffer strip; ecological boundary; edge effect; headwater stream; land snail; liverwort; moss; phytometer; riparian forest; substrate; terrestrial gastropod; Ekologi; NATURAL SCIENCES Biology Terrestrial; freshwater and marine ecology; NATURVETENSKAP Biologi Terrestisk; limnisk och marin ekologi; ekologisk botanik; Ecological Botany;

    Sammanfattning : The objective of this thesis is to evaluate the ecological consequences of buffer strip retention on riparian and terrestrial biodiversity. Earlier studies on forest buffer strips have evaluated their effectiveness in relation to water quality and aquatic biota. However, forests along streams are species rich habitats for many organism groups. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Small remnant habitats Important structures in fragmented landscapes

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : Department of Physical Geography, Stockholm University

    Författare :Jessica Lindgren; Stockholms universitet.; [2017]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Alpha-diversity; Beta-diversity; Biological pest control; Canopy cover; Connectivity; Ecosystem function; Fleshy fruits; Forest edge; Forest management; Forest specialist species; Fragmentation; Functional diversity; Gamma-diversity; Grassland specialist species; Green infrastructure; Habitat amount hypothesis; Island biogeography; Midfield islets; Plant diversity; Plant-pollinator interaction; Pollination; Remnant habitat; Seed predation; Small habitats; Species richness; Structural heterogeneity; Physical Geography; naturgeografi;

    Sammanfattning : The world-wide intensification of agriculture has led to a decline in species richness due to land use change, isolation, and fragmentation of natural and semi-natural habitats in agricultural and forestry landscapes. As a consequence, there is a current landscape management focus on the importance of green infrastructure to mitigate biodiversity decline and preserve ecosystem functions e. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Modelling and Inference for Spatio-Temporal Marked Point Processes

    Detta är en avhandling från Göteborg : Chalmers University of Technology

    Författare :Ottmar Cronie; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2011]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; Asymptotic normality; Consistency; Cox-Ingersoll-Ross process; Diffusion process; Edge correction; Goodness-of-fit; Richards growth function; Growth-interaction process; Immigration-death process; Least squares estimation; Markov process; Maximum likelihood estimation; Open-growth; Spatio-temporal marked point process; Stationarity; Stochastic differential equation; Transition density;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis deals with inference problems related to the growth-interaction process (GI-process). The GI-process is a continuous time spatio-temporal point process with dynamic interacting marks (closed disks), in which the immigration-death process (ID-process) controls the arrivals of new marked points as well as their potential life-times. LÄS MER