Sökning: "Forest conservation"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 117 avhandlingar innehållade orden Forest conservation.

  1. 1. Colonization Patterns of Wood-inhabiting Fungi in Boreal Forest

    Författare :Jörgen Olsson; Lars Ericson; Jørund Rolstad; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Wood-inhabiting fungi; colonization; dispersal; restoration fire; saproxylic beetles; conservation; forest management; boreal forest; Terrestrial ecology; Terrestisk ekologi;

    Sammanfattning : Forest management practices have changed the over-all structure of the Fennoscandian forest landscape resulting in a lack of suitable substrates for many wood-inhabiting species. The objectives of this thesis was to describe the colonization patterns of wood-inhabiting fungi, including the potential role of beetles as dispersal vectors, on different types of dead wood substrate and assess the importance of active measures in the forest landscape in order to restore biodiversity i. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Ecosystem Services and Disservices in an Agriculture–Forest Mosaic : A Study of Forest and Tree Management and Landscape Transformation in Southwestern Ethiopia

    Författare :Tola Gemechu Ango; Lowe Börjeson; Tobias Plieninger; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; conservation; deforestation; ecosystem disservices; ecosystem services; forest; Ethiopia; land grabbing; livelihood; Oromia; policies; political ecology; trees; tropical landscape mosaic; geografi med kulturgeografisk inriktning; Geography with Emphasis on Human Geography;

    Sammanfattning : The intertwined challenges of food insecurity, deforestation, and biodiversity loss remain perennial challenges in Ethiopia, despite increasing policy interventions. This thesis investigates smallholding farmers’ tree- and forest-based livelihoods and management practices, in the context of national development and conservation policies, and examines how these local management practices and policies transform the agriculture–forest mosaic landscapes of southwestern Ethiopia. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Microclimate at range margins : Consequences for boreal forest understory species

    Författare :Caroline Greiser; Kristoffer Hylander; Johan Ehrlén; Eric Meineri; Miska Luoto; Alistair Jump; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; microclimate; species distribution; range dynamics; boreal forest; canopy cover; topography; soil moisture; air humidity; bryophytes; lichens; vascular plants; biotic interactions; forest management; biodiversity conservation; Ecology and Evolution; ekologi och evolution;

    Sammanfattning : A warmer climate will shift species distributional range margins poleward, but near-ground microclimates may modify these shifts. Cold-adapted northern species at their rear edge may survive locally in microrefugia with a colder microclimate, and warm-adapted southern species at their leading edge may colonize stepping stone habitats with a warmer microclimate. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Buying Conservation : Financial Incentives for Tropical Forest Conservation in the Ecuadorian Amazon

    Författare :Torsten Krause; LUCSUS; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Socio Bosque; Forest Conservation; Incentive-based instruments; Ecuador; Indigenous Communities;

    Sammanfattning : Market-based instruments have become a widely used approach to motivate landowners to conserve forests instead of clearing them. However, such market-based instruments are increasingly criticized for their simplistic view on complex environmental, social and economic issues; for their ethical stance; and for creating exchange value for essential ecosystems services, which potentially perpetuates a flawed economic system. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Old-Growth Forests in the High Coast Region in Sweden and Active Management in Forest Set-Asides

    Författare :Jennie Sandström; Bengt-Gunnar Jonsson; Mattias Edman; Mikael Ohlson; Mittuniversitetet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Coarse woody debris; Dead wood; Dendrochronology; Fire history; Forest conservation; Forest structure; Log; Meta-analysis; Pine heath forest; Prescribed burning; Saproxylic fungi; Saproxylic beetles; Snag; Wood-inhabiting fungi; Aktiv skötselmetod; Bevarandebiologi; Brandhistorik; Dendrokronologi; Död ved; Hällmarkstallskog; Lågproduktiv skog; Meta-analys; Naturvård; Naturvårdsbrand; Skogsstruktur; Solbelyst död ved; Stock; Torraka; Vedlevande svamp; Vedlevande insekter; Åldersstruktur;

    Sammanfattning : In today´s intensively managed landscape, very few forests with old-growth characteristics and little human impact exist. One of the rare exceptions is pine forests on rocky soils, a forest type which has probably escaped extensive human use because of its low productivity. LÄS MER