Sökning: "Fiber- och polymervetenskap"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 66 avhandlingar innehållade orden Fiber- och polymervetenskap.

  1. 1. Carbon fibres from lignin-cellulose precursors

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Författare :Andreas Bengtsson; KTH.; [2019]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Carbon fibre; Kraft lignin; Cellulose; Dry-jet wet spinning; Kolfiber; Sulfatlignin; Cellulosa; Våtspinning; Luftgapsspinning; Fiber- och polymervetenskap; Fibre and Polymer Science;

    Sammanfattning : It is in the nature of the human species to find solutions of complex technical problems and always strive for improvements. The development of new materials is not an exception. One of the many man-made materials is carbon fibre (CF). LÄS MER

  2. 2. Wood Hemicelluloses - Fundamental Insights on Biological and Technical Properties

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm, Sweden : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Författare :Jennie Berglund; KTH.; [2018]
    Nyckelord :LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; hemicellulose; wood; glucomannan; xylan; structure; acetylation; flexibility; solubility; interaction with cellulose; stability.; hemicellulosa; trä; glukomannan; xylan; struktur; acetylering; flexibilitet; löslighet; interaktion med cellulosa; stabilitet.; Fiber- och polymervetenskap; Fibre and Polymer Science;

    Sammanfattning : Hemicelluloses are a group of heterogeneous polysaccharides representing around 30 % of wood where the dominating types are xylans, glucomannans and xyloglucans. Hemicelluloses complex molecular structure makes it difficult to understand the relationship between structure and properties entirely, and their biological role is not yet fully verified. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Cellulose–Assisted Dispersion of Carbon Nanotubes : From Colloids to Composites

    Detta är en avhandling från KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Författare :Alireza Hajian; KTH.; KTH.; [2018]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Nanocelluloses; Carbon nanotubes; Composites; Colloids; Fiber- och polymervetenskap; Fibre and Polymer Science;

    Sammanfattning : It is a challenge to disperse nanoparticles to obtain a nanostructured composite. This thesis aims at providing a new route to fabricate carbon nanotube (CNT) composites and suggests mechanisms for nanocellulose–CNT interactions. This route is based on unmodified CNT dispersed in water with the help of nanocellulose. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Cellulose-fiber-based thermal insulation materials with fungal resistance, improved water resistance and reaction-to-fire properties

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Författare :Chao Zheng; KTH.; [2017]
    Nyckelord :LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; biorefinery; birch bark; cellulose; reaction-to-fire properties; fungal resistance; thermal insulation; water resistance; Fiber- och polymervetenskap; Fibre and Polymer Science;

    Sammanfattning : Thermal insulation materials made from natural fibrous materials, such as cellulose fibers, have advantages over others from a sustainability point of view. However, cellulosic materials are generally prone to mold and absorb moisture, and these have negative effects on the insulation properties, the durability of insulation materials, and interior air quality. LÄS MER

  5. 5. High Clay Content Cellulose Nanocomposites for Mechanical Performance and Fire Retardancy

    Detta är en avhandling från KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Författare :Lilian Medina; KTH.; [2019]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; nanocellulose; nanofibril; nanofiber; CNF; nanoplatelet; nanostructure; tactoid; montmorillonite; MTM; foam; aerogel; porosity; PVA; poly vinyl alcohol ; epoxy; moisture; biocomposite; biomaterial; biobased; flame; cone calorimetry; gas barrier; coating; film.; Fiber- och polymervetenskap; Fibre and Polymer Science;

    Sammanfattning : Materials based on wood can offer sustainable alternatives to fossil-based plastics and composites, and show interesting mechanical properties. However, the issue of their flammability is generally unresolved. In this thesis, eco-friendly, fire retardant clay-cellulose nanofibril materials are investigated. LÄS MER