Sökning: "Fiber- och polymervetenskap"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 54 avhandlingar innehållade orden Fiber- och polymervetenskap.

  1. 1. Wood Hemicelluloses - Fundamental Insights on Biological and Technical Properties

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm, Sweden : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Författare :Jennie Berglund; KTH.; [2018]
    Nyckelord :LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; hemicellulose; wood; glucomannan; xylan; structure; acetylation; flexibility; solubility; interaction with cellulose; stability.; hemicellulosa; trä; glukomannan; xylan; struktur; acetylering; flexibilitet; löslighet; interaktion med cellulosa; stabilitet.; Fiber- och polymervetenskap; Fibre and Polymer Science;

    Sammanfattning : Hemicelluloses are a group of heterogeneous polysaccharides representing around 30 % of wood where the dominating types are xylans, glucomannans and xyloglucans. Hemicelluloses complex molecular structure makes it difficult to understand the relationship between structure and properties entirely, and their biological role is not yet fully verified. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Cellulose–Assisted Dispersion of Carbon Nanotubes : From Colloids to Composites

    Detta är en avhandling från KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Författare :Alireza Hajian; KTH.; KTH.; [2018]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Nanocelluloses; Carbon nanotubes; Composites; Colloids; Fiber- och polymervetenskap; Fibre and Polymer Science;

    Sammanfattning : It is a challenge to disperse nanoparticles to obtain a nanostructured composite. This thesis aims at providing a new route to fabricate carbon nanotube (CNT) composites and suggests mechanisms for nanocellulose–CNT interactions. This route is based on unmodified CNT dispersed in water with the help of nanocellulose. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Cellulose-fiber-based thermal insulation materials with fungal resistance, improved water resistance and reaction-to-fire properties

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Författare :Chao Zheng; KTH.; [2017]
    Nyckelord :LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; biorefinery; birch bark; cellulose; reaction-to-fire properties; fungal resistance; thermal insulation; water resistance; Fiber- och polymervetenskap; Fibre and Polymer Science;

    Sammanfattning : Thermal insulation materials made from natural fibrous materials, such as cellulose fibers, have advantages over others from a sustainability point of view. However, cellulosic materials are generally prone to mold and absorb moisture, and these have negative effects on the insulation properties, the durability of insulation materials, and interior air quality. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Biocomposites Based on Core-Shell Cellulose Nanofibers Preparation, Structure, and Properties

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Författare :Kasinee Prakobna; KTH.; KTH.; [2015]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; biocomposites; cellulose nanofibers; polysaccharides; holocellulose; nanostructure; dispersion; mechanical properties; hygromechanical properties; moisture stability; film; porous material; Fiber- och polymervetenskap; Fibre and Polymer Science;

    Sammanfattning : Cellulose nanofibers (CNFs) are of interest as load-bearing components for polymer matrix nanocomposites. A wide range of nanostructured materials including nanopaper/films, foams, aerogels, and hydrogels can be prepared from CNFs. The material performance can be fine-tuned when CNFs are combined with different polymer matrices. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Preparation and characterization of nanoporous cellulose fibres and their use in new material concepts

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Författare :Anna Sjöstedt; KTH.; KTH.; [2014]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Fiber- och polymervetenskap; Fibre and Polymer Science;

    Sammanfattning : The overall objective of the work in this thesis is to better utilize the non-collapsed structure of the delignified wood-fibre cell wall in the preparation of new types of materials.In order to utilize the fibres in new materials, it is crucial to have a well-defined starting material and to know how it reacts to certain treatments of the fibres. LÄS MER