Sökning: "Familial Risk of Cancer"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 68 avhandlingar innehållade orden Familial Risk of Cancer.

  1. 1. Prostate cancer epidemiological studies of risk factors

    Detta är en avhandling från Umeå : Umeå universitet

    Författare :Camilla Thellenberg Karlsson; Umeå universitet.; [2008]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Prostate cancer; epidemiology; SNP; BRCA2; male breast cancer; inflammation; BPH; P53; MEDICINE Surgery Oncology; MEDICIN Kirurgi Onkologi;

    Sammanfattning : In spite of the fact that prostate cancer is the most common male cancer in both Sweden and many other countries in the developed world, little is known of risk factors and predisposing conditions. The only well recognized risk factors are age, race and familial aggregation. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Tumors associated with Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer: Defective Mismatch Repair and Familial Risk of Cancer

    Detta är en avhandling från Department of Oncology, Clinical Sciences, Lund University

    Författare :Kajsa Ericson Lindquist; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2005]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; oncology; cancerology; Cytologi; onkologi; cancer; Multiple Tumors; Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer; Cytology; Cohort study; Population based; Familial Risk of Cancer; Immunohistochemistry; MSH2; MSH6; MLH1; Microsatellite Instability; Soft Tissue Sarcomas; Cancer of the Upper Urinary Tract; Cancer of the Small Intestine; Colorectal Cancer;

    Sammanfattning : Inactivation of the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) system is a tumorigenic mechanism involved in 15-20% of tumor types such as colorectal and endometrial cancer and is specifically associated with the Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer (HNPCC) syndrome. These MMR defective tumors are characterized by microsatellite instability (MSI), a phenomenon that reflects alterations in length of repeated sequences, and 90% of MSI tumors show loss of immunohistochemical expression for the MMR protein affected. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Genetic factors in childhood cancer. Associations between tumors in childhood and adulthood, and prevalence of germline TP53 mutations

    Detta är en avhandling från Department of Oncology, Clinical Sciences, Lund University

    Författare :Susanne Magnusson; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2012]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Childhood cancer; hereditary factors; breast cancer; survival; hereditary breast and ovarian cancer; hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer; familial malignant melanoma; BRCA1; BRCA2; mismatch repair; CDKN2A; familial risk; multiple childhood tumors; Li-Fraumeni syndrome; TP53; adrenocortical carcinoma; choroid plexus tumors; rhabdomyosarcoma;

    Sammanfattning : The etiology of childhood cancer is largely unknown. Approximately 1-10% of all childhood tumors are associated with known cancer predisposition syndromes. However, the contribution may be underestimated due to the failure to detect patients with genetic susceptibility for cancer when relying on known family pattern and anomalies. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Image analysis of prostate cancer tissue biomarkers

    Detta är en avhandling från Division of Urological Cancers

    Författare :Giuseppe Lippolis; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2015]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; prostate cancer; image analysis; Time Resolved Fluorescence; automated Gleason; PSA; AR; fusion gene; TMAs;

    Sammanfattning : Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men. In order to improve diagnosis and prognosis, new sensitive and specific biomarkers are needed. Tissue biomarkers carry expression and morphological information of the tissue where they are expressed. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Insights into breast cancer: New familial patterns and identification of a potential predictive marker

    Detta är en avhandling från Division of Oncology and Pathology

    Författare :Carolina Ellberg; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2014]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; BRCA1; BRCA2; Spider telangiectasias; Heredity; Parental inheritance; Recessive; familial; Breast cancer;

    Sammanfattning : The last proportion of heredity in breast cancer has proven to be somewhat elusive despite massive attempts to identify the associated factors. Approximately 50 percent of breast cancer caused by familial factors is currently explained. LÄS MER