Sökning: "Evolutionary Biology"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 411 avhandlingar innehållade orden Evolutionary Biology.

  1. 1. Evolutionary and Pharmacological Studies of NPY and QRFP Receptors

    Författare :Bo Xu; Dan Larhammar; Samuel Svensson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Neuropeptide Y; genome duplication; Evolution; vertebrate; Pharmacology; Modelling; Kinetics; Bioinformatik; Bioinformatics; Biology with specialization in Evolutionary Genetics; Biologi med inriktning mot evolutionär genetik; Biologi med inriktning mot evolutionär funktionsgenomik; Biology with specialization in Evolutionary Functional Genomics; Farmaceutisk farmakologi; Pharmaceutical Pharmacology;

    Sammanfattning : The neuropeptide Y (NPY) system consists of 3-4 peptides and 4-7 receptors in vertebrates. It has powerful effects on appetite regulation and is involved in many other biological processes including blood pressure regulation, bone formation and anxiety. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Characterization of Novel Solute Carriers in Humans, Mice and Flies : Solute Carriers in a Broad and Narrow Perspective

    Författare :Mikaela Ceder; Robert Fredriksson; Anita Öst; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Solute carrier; SLC; Putative SLCs; Major facilitator superfamily; MFS; Drosophila melanogaster; Glucose metabolism; UNC93A; CG4928; Farmaceutisk vetenskap; Pharmaceutical Science;

    Sammanfattning : The solute carrier family is the largest family of membrane-bound transporters in humans, with 430 members divided into 65 subfamilies. They transport various substrates across lipid barriers and are vital for absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion in all cell types in the body. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Immunogenetic variation along the latitudinal gradient in Scandinavian anuran species : Evolutionary processes, demography and infection

    Författare :Maria Cortazar-Chinarro; Jacob Höglund; Anssi Laurila; Yvonne Meyer-Lucht; Helena Westerdahl; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Biologi; Biology; Biology with specialization in Evolutionary Genetics; Biologi med inriktning mot evolutionär genetik;

    Sammanfattning : The evolutionary and demographic processes affecting how genetic variation is partitioned and distributed over large geographical scales is of fundamental importance for our understanding of how organisms may adapt to their environments. Northern peripheral populations generally have lower genetic variation and individuals in these populations may therefore face difficulties adapting to their local environment. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Evolutionary genomics in Corvids : – From single nucleotides to structural variants

    Författare :Matthias H. Weissensteiner; Jochen B.W. Wolf; Manfred Grabherr; Kateryna M. Makova; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; evolutionary genetics; genomics; population genetics; selection; recombination; chromosomal features; colouration; insertion; deletion; inversion; crow; tandem repeat; transposable element; gene expression;

    Sammanfattning : Heritable genetic variation is the raw material of evolution and can occur in many different forms, from altering single nucleotides to rearranging stretches of millions at once. DNA mutations that result in phenotypic differences are the basis upon which natural selection can act, leading to a shift of the frequency of those mutations. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Population genetic history and patterns of admixture : Examples from northeastern and southern Africa

    Författare :Nina Hollfelder; Mattias Jakobsson; Michele Ramsay; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; population structure; genetic admixture; genomic variation; Africa; population genomics; lactase persistence; sex-biased admixture; human evolutionary genetics; Biology with specialization in Evolutionary Organismal Biology; Biologi med inriktning mot evolutionär organismbiologi;

    Sammanfattning : The origin of humans lies in Africa, as has been shown by archaeology, paleontology and genetics. Here, we can find the largest genetic diversity and the deepest split among human populations. African genetic diversity has been shaped by a long and complex history. LÄS MER