Sökning: "Erika Roman"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 13 avhandlingar innehållade orden Erika Roman.

  1. 1. Maternal Separation in Rats : An Experimental Model for Long-Term Effects of Early Life Experiences on Neurochemistry, Voluntary Ethanol Intake and Exploration and Risk Assessment Behavior

    Författare :Erika Roman; Ingrid Nylander; J. Dee Higley; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pharmaceutical pharmacology; Handling; Maternal Deprivation; Environment; Opioids; Dopamine; Alcohol; Stress; Concentric Square Field; Open Field; Elevated Plus-maze; Farmaceutisk farmakologi; Pharmaceutical pharmacology; Farmaceutisk farmakologi;

    Sammanfattning : The period of early life is important for the development of individual brain function and behavior. Human studies have shown altered vulnerability to develop psychopathology and/or excessive drug intake, possibly leading to dependence, as a consequence of early life experiences. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Early Environment and Adolescent Ethanol Consumption : Effects on Endogenous Opioids and Behaviour in Rats

    Författare :Loudin Daoura; Ingrid Nylander; Erika Roman; Bo Söderpalm; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Alcohol; intermittent ethanol access; maternal separation; multivariate concentric square field™ test; maternal behavior; ultrasonic vocalization; adolescent; neonatal handling; Farmaceutisk farmakologi; Pharmaceutical Pharmacology;

    Sammanfattning : Excessive and compulsive ethanol drinking is one of the most serious public health issues. Therefore, it is vital to increase the knowledge about risks and protection for alcohol use disorders (AUD) to optimize prevention and treatment strategies. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Neurobiological Consequences of Social Conditions and Alcohol Exposure in Adolescent rats

    Författare :Linnea Granholm; Ingrid Nylander; Anne-Lie Svensson; Erika Roman; Maria Ellgren; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; adolescence; alcohol; amphetamine; dopamine; dorsal striatum; dynorphin; endogenous opi- oids; enkephalin; high-speed chronoamperometry; housing conditions; rats; nociceptin orphanin FQ; radi- oimmunoassay; self-administration; Pharmaceutical Science; Farmaceutisk vetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : Adolescence represents a time of extensive reorganisation and maturation of brain circuits involved in emotions, motivation and cognition and it is a period particular sensitive for external stimuli. External stimuli can be both socio-environmental factors and exposure to exogenous compounds such as drugs of abuse (e.g. alcohol). LÄS MER

  4. 4. Stress, Drugs and Neuroscience : Neurobiological Effects of Social Stressors and Drug Exposure in Young and Adolescent Rats

    Författare :Linnea Granholm; Ingrid Nylander; Erika Roman; Anne-Lie Svensson; Maria Ellgren; Annika Thorsell; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Adolescence; alcohol exposure; amphetamine; beta-endorphin; dopamine; dynorphin; early life; endogenous opioids; enkephalin; gene expression; high-speed chronoamperometry; nociceptin orphanin FQ; radioimmunoassay; self-administration; social stress; voluntary alcohol intake; Farmaceutisk vetenskap; Pharmaceutical Science;

    Sammanfattning : Experiences early in life or during adolescence modulate neuronal networks in the immature brain and consequently lay the foundation for future susceptibility or resilience towards psychiatric disorders. The objective in this thesis is to understand, in part, how the surrounding environment shapes the brain of a young individual. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Endogenous Opioids and Voluntary Ethanol Drinking : Consequences of Postnatal Environmental Influences in Rats

    Författare :Lisa Gustafsson; Ingrid Nylander; Erika Roman; Ryszard Przewlocki; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Pharmaceutical pharmacology; Maternal separation; Maternal deprivation; Handling; Isolation; Alcohol; Two-bottle model; Four-bottle model; MEAP; Dynorphin B; Nociceptin orphanin FQ; Radioimmunoassay; Farmaceutisk farmakologi;

    Sammanfattning : Genetic and environmental factors interact to determine the individual vulnerability to develop ethanol dependence. The neurobiological mechanisms underlying these processes are not fully understood. Endogenous opioid peptides have been suggested to contribute. LÄS MER