Sökning: "Environmental engineering and architecture"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 90 avhandlingar innehållade orden Environmental engineering and architecture.

  1. 1. Managing high environmental performance? : Applying life cycle approaches and environmental certification tools in the building and real estate sectors

    Författare :Nils W. O. Brown; Tove Malmqvist; Peter Guthrie; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; HUMANIORA; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; HUMANITIES; Buildings; operational energy use; life cycle assessment; environmental certification; environmental assessment; renovation; strategy; design process; value creation; embodied environmental impacts; Planering och beslutsanalys; Planning and Decision Analysis;

    Sammanfattning : The main aim of this thesis is  to demonstrate and critically assess life cycle approaches’ and environmental certification (EC) tools’ potential for supporting decisions for improved environmental performance in the building and real estate sectors.Using life cycle approaches, the thesis shows that for new build and renovation cases aiming for low operational energy use that embodied global warming potential (GWP) due to material production can constitute a large portion of a building’s lifetime GWP. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Brazilian land use policies and the development of ecosystem services

    Författare :Flavio L. M. Freitas; Ulla Mörtberg; Gerd Sparovek; Martin Persson; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; Brazil; Land use policy; Forest protection; Ecosystem services; Biodiversity; Offsetting of legal reserves; Mark- och vattenteknik; Land and Water Resources Engineering;

    Sammanfattning : Concerns related to global environmental changes due to land use changes have been driving international communities towards more sustainable land use systems. Brazil is a country of global strategic importance in this matter considering that it is the nation with the largest extension of preserved tropical native vegetation, recognised for its ecosystem services and high and unique biodiversity. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Network Based Tools and Indicators for Landscape Ecological Assessments, Planning, and Design

    Författare :Andreas Zetterberg; Berit Balfors; Ulla Mörtberg; Jan Bengtsson; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; Least-cost modeling; Functional connectivity; Environmental planning tool; Resilience; Spatial redundancy; Ecological integrity; Landscape Ecology; Graph Theory; Ecological Network Graphs; Biodiversity; Conservation Biology; Urban Planning; Regional Planning; EIA; SEA; Environmental Assessment; Ecological Indicator; Impact prediction; Habitat suitability; Species distribution; Urban ecology; GIS; Urbanization; Miljöbedömningsverktyg; Landskapsplanering; Resiliens; Ekologisk integritet; Landskapsekologi; Grafteori; Ekologiska nätverk; Biologisk mångfald; Bevarandebiologi; Urban planering; Regional planering; MKB; SMB; Miljöbedömning; Ekologisk indikator; Konsekvensbedömning; Habitatmodellering; GIS; Urbanisering; Nature conservation and landscape management; Natur- och landskapsvård; Environmental engineering; Miljöteknik; Terrestrial ecology; Terrestisk ekologi;

    Sammanfattning : Land use change constitutes a primary driving force in shaping social-ecological systems world wide, and its effects reach far beyond the directly impacted areas. Graph based landscape ecological tools have become established as a promising way to efficiently explore and analyze the complex, spatial systems dynamics of ecological networks in physical landscapes. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Improvements of U-pipe Borehole Heat Exchangers

    Författare :José Acuña; Björn Palm; Signhild Gehlin; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Borehole Heat Exchanger; Distributed Thermal Response Test; Ground Source Heat Pumps; Environmental engineering; Miljöteknik; Earth sciences; Geovetenskap; Civil engineering and architecture; Samhällsbyggnadsteknik och arkitektur;

    Sammanfattning : The sales of Ground Source Heat Pumps in Sweden and many other countries are having a rapid growth in the last decade. Today, there are approximately 360 000 systems installed in Sweden, with a growing rate of about 30 000 installations per year. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Effects of Art and Design on Orientation in Healthcare Architecture : A study of wayfinding and wayshowing in a Swedish hospital setting

    Författare :Muna Ibrahim; Institutionen för arkitektur och byggd miljö; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; HUMANIORA; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; HUMANITIES; health-care architecture; hospital design; interior design; public art; wayfinding; orientation; affordance; familiarity; wayshowing; heterogeneity; temporality;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis investigates the role of interior design elements, especially artwork, in way-searchers’ wayfinding and orientation in hospital environments. The thesis considers the way-searcher’s background and the impact of cultural belonging, occupation, memories, aesthetic preferences, and language, and the influence that such factors might have on the perception of the hospital environment and its guiding elements. LÄS MER