Sökning: "Enterocolitis"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 13 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Enterocolitis.

  1. 1. Necrotising Enterocolitis : epidemiology and imaging

    Författare :Margareta Ahle; Roland Andersson; Peder Drott; Örjan Smedby; Hans Ringertz; Tomas Wester; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES;

    Sammanfattning : Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is a potentially devastating intestinal inflammation of multifactorial aetiology in premature or otherwise vulnerable neonates. Because of the broad spectrum of presentations, diagnosis and timing of surgical intervention may be challenging, and imaging needs to be an integrated part of management. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Experimental and Clinical Necrotizing Enterocolitis

    Författare :Niclas Högberg; Heléne Engstrand Lilja; Agneta Nordenskjöld; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Necrotizing; Enterocolitis; Ischemia; Microdialysis; Intraluminal; I-FABP; Kirurgi; särskilt barnkirurgi; Pediatric Surgery;

    Sammanfattning : Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), a severe inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract with high morbidity and mortality, affects primarily preterm infants. The diagnosis represents a challenging task, and no biomarker has been found to aid early diagnosis with high accuracy. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Intestinal Mucosa Reconstitution and Protection: Impact of Luminal Factors

    Författare :Yilei Mao; Lund Kirurgi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Probiotics; Pectin; Oat; Methotrexate; Lactobacilli; Intestinal injury; Intestinal immunity; Intestinal barrier; Enterocolitis; Fiber; Radiation; Surgery; orthopaedics; traumatology; Kirurgi; ortopedi; traumatologi;

    Sammanfattning : The gastrointestinal mucosa is one of the most rapidly proliferating tissues in the body, and serves as a barrier to luminal bacteria and toxins. Enteral nutrition, luminal fiber and probiotics are of crucial importance for the integrity of this barrier. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Necrotizing enterocolitis : imaging and risk assessment

    Författare :Elena Palleri; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Sammanfattning : Despite decades of research on necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), no major finding has improved the mortality and morbidity of the disease or changed the clinical management. The exact pathogenesis remains unclear, but several factors such as immature intestinal immunity, impaired bowel microcirculation, enteral nutrition and abnormal microbiota may play important roles. LÄS MER

  5. 5. The functional impact of gut microbiota on CNS regulation of local and systemic homeostasis

    Författare :Afrouz Abbaspour; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Sammanfattning : The “gut microbiota” is widely accepted as an integral part of the gut homeostasis, and is thought to contribute to the establishment of intestinal barrier. Growing body of research suggest that the influence of gut microbiota on host development and physiology reaches beyond the gastrointestinal tract, and the brain is not an exception. LÄS MER