Sökning: "Enheten för infektionssjukdomar"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 18 avhandlingar innehållade orden Enheten för infektionssjukdomar.

  1. 1. Epidemiological aspects of tuberculosis in Guinea-Bissau, West Africa

    Författare :Per Gustafson; Enheten för infektionssjukdomar; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; tuberculin skin test; Infections; Infektioner; survival; mortality; case fatality rate; risk factor; incidence; Guinea-Bissau; Africa; epidemiology; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; HIV-2; HIV-1; HIV; Tbc; Tuberculosis; TB;

    Sammanfattning : Tuberculosis (TB) has plagued the humanity for several thousands of years. The bacteria causing TB is mainly spread from person to person as an aerosol transmission. It is estimated that one third of the world’s population is infected with the disease; about 10% of these will develop active TB during their lifetime. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Helicobacter pylori Sialic Acid-Specific Surface Lectin

    Författare :Siiri Hirmo; Enheten för infektionssjukdomar; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; bakteriologi; mycology; Mikrobiologi; virology; bacteriology; haemagglutinin; Helicobacter pylori; sialic acid; sialidase; gastrointestinal mucin; milk glycoprotein; Microbiology; resonant mirror biosensor; virologi; mykologi;

    Sammanfattning : Helicobacter pylori is a gastric pathogen colonising the gastric mucus layer and epithelium of gastric tissue and is associated with chronic type B gastritis and peptic ulcer disease. The attachment of H. pylori to gastric epithelial cells involves several structures recognised by specific bacterial surface proteins. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Aspects of Tuberculosis and HIV Coinfection in Patients at Ethiopian Health Centers

    Författare :Sten Skogmar; Enheten för infektionssjukdomar; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; HIV; TB; clinical scoring; TB screening; CD4 cell count; immunosuppression; immune activation;

    Sammanfattning : HIV and tuberculosis (TB) remain the two most common infectious causes of death worldwide. During the recent decade antiretroviral treatment (ART) has become available for millions of people living with HIV (PLHIV) globally; yet more than half of PLHIV have not yet initiated ART. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Antibiotics and infusion phlebitis. Clinical and experimental studies

    Författare :Peter Lanbeck; Enheten för infektionssjukdomar; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Infections; HUVEC; endothelium vascular; Infektioner; ICAM-1; 3H-thymidine incorporation; cloxacillin; dicloxacillin; phlebitis epidemiology; Antibiotics; phlebitis chemically induced;

    Sammanfattning : Intravenous administration of antibiotics is often followed by infusion phlebitis. In this condition are vessel irritation, inflammation and sometimes superficial thrombosis included. In this thesis, the risk for infusion phlebitis for various antibiotics has been evaluated in a clinical study in 550 patients. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Direct Demonstration of Influenza Virus and Mycoplasma Pneumoniae in the Respiratory Tract

    Författare :Anna Nilsson; Enheten för infektionssjukdomar; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; polymeras chain reaction; influenza virus; Mycoplasma pneumoniae; diagnosis; respiratory tract infection; sample site; serial samples;

    Sammanfattning : Diagnostic tests based on nucleic acid amplification have become available for Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) and influenza viruses. Here, an MP PCR test detected 100% of infections during the first three symptomatic weeks, whereas classical serology detected 21% week 1, 56% week 2, and 100% week 3. LÄS MER