Sökning: "Endometrial neoplasms"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 6 avhandlingar innehållade orden Endometrial neoplasms.

  1. 1. The use of ultrasound in the prediction of endometrial cancer in women with postmenopausal bleeding

    Författare :Gina Opolskiene; gynekologisk och prenatal ultraljudsdiagnostik Obstetrisk; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; endometrial neoplasms; ultrasonography; postmenopause; Doppler ultrasound;

    Sammanfattning : The aim of the work presented in this thesis was to identify the ultrasound methods and ultrasound features that are most useful for the prediction of endometrial cancer in patients with postmenopausal bleeding and sonographic endometrial thickness 4.5 mm or more. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Some hormonal factors in the etiology of endometrial cancer

    Författare :Elisabete Weiderpass; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Endometrial neoplasms; hormone replacement therapy; estrogens; progestins; contraceptive agents; organochlorines; pesticides; polychlorinated biphenyls; estrogen receptor alfa polymorphisms;

    Sammanfattning : The main purpose of this dissertation was to study the impact of some hormone-related factors in the etiology of endometrial neoplasms, i.e. hormone replacement therapy, use of oral contraceptives, serum levels of 20 different organochlorine substances, and polymorphisms in the estrogen receptor alpha (ER) gene. LÄS MER

  3. 3. The role of physical activity in the prevention of breast and endometrial cancer

    Författare :Tahereh Moradi; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; breast and endometrial neoplasms; exercise; occupational activity; leisure activity; body mass index; cohort; case-control;

    Sammanfattning : The aim of this thesis was to explore through epidemiologic studies the role of physical activity in preventing breast and endometrial cancer in women. First, we assessed risk for endometrial (Paper I) and breast (Paper II) cancer in relation to occupational physical activity in a large nationwide cohort generated through linkage between census data in 1960 and 1970 and the Cancer Register 1971-1989. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Clinical implementation of novel diagnostic biomarkers for epithelial ovarian cancer - Can we improve diagnosis?

    Författare :Maria Lycke; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Ovarian neoplasms; EOC; Diagnosis; protein biomarkers; HE4; CA125; Algorithms; RMI; ROMA; NGS; rare mutations; liquid biopsies; screening;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the most lethal gynecologic cancer. The 5-year survival is about 30%, a consequence of failure to establish early diagnosis due to unspecific symptoms. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Malignancies associated with gynecological cancer : epidemiological and etiological aspects

    Författare :Kjell Bergfeldt; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Neoplasms; second primary; ovarian cancer; breast cancer.;

    Sammanfattning : The aims of this thesis were to analyze the incidence and risk of second primary malignancies (SPM) in a Swedish cohort of gynecological cancer patients, to explore suggested risk factors associated with second primary malignancies in ovarian cancer patients, and to evaluate the risk of ovarian cancer in a cohort of breast cancer patients in relation to family history of breast or ovarian cancer. Incidence of second primary malignancies in 15,200 gynecologicaI cancer patients were investigated in a register-based study and compared to age- and calendar-specific incidence for women in the general population. LÄS MER