Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 121 avhandlingar innehållade ordet ETS.
Sammanfattning : The genus Arnica (Asteraceae) was investigated for phylogenetic relationships and sesquiterpene lactone (STL) content with the aims to trace the evolutionary history of the genus and to investigate possible congruencies between DNA sequence data, secondary chemistry, and biological activity. Complex evolutionary patterns in Arnica are evident from phylogenetic analyses of chloroplast regions (the rpl16 and rps16 introns and the psbA–trnH, ycf4–cemA, and trnT–L spacers), nuclear ribosomal regions (the internal and external transcribed spacers) and the nuclear low-copy DNA region coding for the second largest subunit of RNA polymerase II (RPB2) between exons 17 and 23. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Passive smoking has been recognised as a health hazard, and chidren are especially vulnerable. The general aim of this thesis was to describe and analyse the importance of parents’ smoking and smoking behaviour for children’s tobacco smoke exposure. LÄS MER
3. Instruments for reaching climate objectives. Focusing on the time aspects of bioenergy and allocation rules in the European Union's Emission Trading System
Sammanfattning : The Europeans Union’s (EU’s) climate and energy strategy aims at reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) by 20 % (compared to 1990) and to increase the share of renewable energy to 20 % by the year 2020. Increased use of bioenergy is considered key in these efforts. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : In this research, several improvements to the European Union Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) were analysed. The EU ETS is a market for emission allowances and the European Union's main instrument for reducing greenhouse gas emissions (of which CO2 is the main component). LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : The overarching theme of the thesis is European energy and climate policy, with a particular focus on the role of emissions trading. The thesis consists of eight papers. Paper 1 outlines the origins and characteristics of the European Union’s Emissions Trading System (EU ETS), launched in January 2005. LÄS MER