Sökning: "Drug"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 2793 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Drug.

  1. 1. Intracellular unbound drug concentrations : Methodology and application for understanding cellular drug exposure

    Författare :André Mateus; Per Artursson; Pär Matsson; José A. G. Morais; Jeff Krise; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; intracellular unbound drug concentrations; free drug; drug binding; drug transport; drug accumulation; cellular drug response; drug target engagement; Pharmaceutical Science; Farmaceutisk vetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : Most known drug targets and metabolizing enzymes are located inside cells. Interactions with these proteins are determined by intracellular unbound drug concentrations. Assessing intracellular drug exposure is technically challenging, but essential for predicting pharmacokinetic, pharmacological, and toxicological profiles of new drugs. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Pulmonary Drug Absorption : In vitro and in vivo investigations of drug absorption across the lung barrier and its relation to drug physicochemical properties

    Författare :Ann Tronde; Gerrit Borchard; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pharmacy; lung; pulmonary; drug delivery; inhalation; drug transport; pharmacokinetics; absorption; bioavailability; drug metabolism; preclinical; rat; in vivo; isolated and perfused lung; Caco-2; nebulization catheter; aerosol; physicochemical; peptide; efflux; FARMACI; PHARMACY; FARMACI; Biopharmaceutics; biofarmaci;

    Sammanfattning : Although, pulmonary drug delivery is a well established means for targeting of drugs to the lungs for the treatment of respiratory diseases as well as for the systemic delivery of volatile anesthetic agents, drug absorption kinetics in the lung have not been subjected to extensive research. The main objective of this thesis was to investigate drug absorption characteristics of the lung barrier, using the isolated and perfused rat lung model and in vivo pharmacokinetic studies in rats. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Studies of Retroviral Reverse Transcriptase and Flaviviral Protease Enzymes as Antiviral Drug Targets : Applications in Antiviral Drug Discovery & Therapy

    Författare :Muhammad Junaid; Jarl ES Wikberg; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Virus; enzymes; HIV AIDS; retroviral reverse transcriptase; flaviviral protease; NRTIs; proteochemometrics; drug resistance; DEN; JEV; NS2B H -NS3pro; antiviral; drug targets; drug discovery; drug therapy.; Farmakologi; Pharmacology;

    Sammanfattning : Viruses are a major threat to humans due to their unique adaptability, evolvability and  capability to control their hosts as parasites and genetic elements. HIV/AIDS is the third largest cause of death by infectious diseases in the world, and drug resistance due to the viral mutations is still the leading cause of treatment failure. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Characterization of parameters influencing intracellular bioavailability and prediction of intracellular drug exposure

    Författare :Andrea Treyer; Per Artursson; Gert Fricker; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; intracellular drug bioavailability; unbound drug concentration; drug disposition; ADME; drug transport; drug metabolism membrane partitioning; phospholipid; drug-drug interaction; antisense oligonucleotide; cell-penetrating peptide; Farmaceutisk vetenskap; Pharmaceutical Science;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis work investigates factors influencing intracellular drug disposition. An experimental method for measurement of intracellular bioavailability (Fic), was used throughout. Fic is defined as the ratio between the unbound drug concentration inside the cell and the compound concentration in the cell exterior. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Circumventing drug resistance : Studies exploring the expediency of a total cell kill chemoresistance assay

    Författare :Bertil Jonsson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Medical sciences; drug resistance; drug resistance assay; clinical correlations; cancer; human; MEDICIN OCH VÅRD; MEDICINE; MEDICIN; klinisk farmakologi; Clinical Pharmacology;

    Sammanfattning : Cellular resistance to anti-cancer drugs is considered to be the major cause of treatment failure in clinical practice. The present studies have therefore focused on ways to circumvent resistance as evaluated by an in vitro chemoresistance assay. LÄS MER