Sökning: "Darwinism"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 15 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Darwinism.

  1. 1. The Purpose of Evolution : the 'struggle for existence' in the Russian-Jewish press 1860-1900

    Författare :Joakim Philipson; Per-Arne Bodin; David Gaunt; Gabriella Safran; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; Darwinism; evolution; struggle for existence; reception; Jews; Russia; discourse analysis; isomorphism; integration; slaviska språk; Slavic Languages;

    Sammanfattning : In late 19th century Russia, Darwinism was viewed as a measuring-rod of modernity. Thus, the Jewish reception of Darwinism may serve as an indicator of the extent to which the Jews in Russia were part of the modernization of Russian society. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Imagining a Place in Nature: Using Evolution to Explain the Early Evolutionary Imagination in Literature

    Författare :Emelie Jonsson; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; Victorian literature; Darwinism; evolutionary humanities; naturalistic cosmology; two cultures; mythology;

    Sammanfattning : After Charles Darwin published On the Origin of Species, Victorian literature overflowed with images of man’s new place in nature. Those images can be explained by modern research that builds on Darwin’s theory: the evolutionary social sciences and evolutionary literary theory. LÄS MER

  3. 3. The economic point of view. A defence of the concept of psychic energy, its place in theory and practic

    Författare :Christer Forsberg; Institutionen för psykologi; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; libido; psychic energy; motivation; mind body relation; consciousness; psychosomatics; darwinism; death drive; Psychology; Psykologi;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis purports to prove the logical necessity of the psychic energy concept discarded by modern psychoanalysis by linking the "evolutionistic argument" against epiphenomenalism to Brillouin´s negentropy principle. If our conscious awareness of affects and other psychological events should be attributed a signal value at all, they must necessarily exercise effect on the soma. LÄS MER

  4. 4. På AI-teknikens axlar : om kunskapssociologin och stark artificiell intelligens

    Författare :Peter Kåhre; Gunnar Andersson; Tom Ziemke; Lunds universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Gregory Bateson; James Wertsch.; Yrjö Engeström; Katherine N. Hayles; Lucy Suchman; Hubert Dreyfus; John Searle; David Bloor; Lev Vygotsky; Niklas Luhmann; Chinese room; Turing test; socionics; darwinism; emergence; relativism; posthumanism; environmentalism; situationism; social communication; second order cybernetics; systems theory; sociology of knowledge; connectionism; Strong artificial intelligence; distributed artificial intelligence; Sociology; Sociologi; Library and Information Science; Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap; Filosofi; Practical Philosophy;

    Sammanfattning : This dissertation is concerned with Sociology’s stance in the debate on Strong Artificial Intelligence, i.e. such AI that is able to shape new knowledge without human interference. There is a need for sociologists to realize the difference between two approaches to constructing AI systems: Symbolic AI (or Classic AI) and Distributed AI – DAI. LÄS MER

  5. 5. På AI-teknikens axlar : Om kunskapssociologin och stark artificiell intelligens

    Författare :Peter Kåhre; Sociologi; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; James Wertsch.; Gregory Bateson; Yrjö Engeström; Katherine N. Hayles; Lucy Suchman; Hubert Dreyfus; John Searle; David Bloor; Lev Vygotsky; Niklas Luhmann; Chinese room; Turing test; socionics; darwinism; emergence; relativism; posthumanism; environmentalism; situationism; social communication; second order cybernetics; systems theory; sociology of knowledge; connectionism; Strong artificial intelligence; distributed artificial intelligence;

    Sammanfattning : This dissertation is concerned with Sociology’s stance in the debate on Strong Artificial Intelligence, i.e. such AI that is able to shape new knowledge without human interference. There is a need for sociologists to realize the difference between two approaches to constructing AI systems: Symbolic AI (or Classic AI) and Distributed AI – DAI. LÄS MER