Sökning: "DNA repair"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 295 avhandlingar innehållade orden DNA repair.

  1. 1. Radiation response in human cells : DNA damage formation, repair and signaling

    Författare :Ann-Sofie Gustafsson; Bo Stenerlöw; Andrzej Wojcik; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; DNA damage; DNA repair; DSB; NHEJ; DNA-PK; ionizing radiation; heat-labile sites; Biomedical Radiation Science; Biomedicinsk strålningsvetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : Ionizing radiation induces a range of different DNA lesions. In terms of mutation frequency and mammalian cell survival, the most critical of these lesions is the DNA double-strand break (DSB). DSB left unrepaired or mis-repaired may result in chromosomal aberrations that can lead to permanent genetic changes or cell death. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Bacterial DNA repair and molecular search

    Författare :Arvid H. Gynnå; Johan Elf; Stephen Kowalczykowski; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; DNA repair; DNA damage; homologous recombination; homologous repair; recombination; RecA; I-SceI; Biology with specialization in Molecular Biotechnology; Biologi med inriktning mot molekylär bioteknik;

    Sammanfattning : Surveillance and repair of DNA damage is necessary in all kinds of life. Different types of DNA damage require different repair mechanisms, but these mechanisms are often similar in all domains of life. The most serious type of damage, double stranded DNA breaks, are for example repaired in conceptually similar ways in both bacteria and eukaryotes. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Induction and repair of clustered DNA damage sites after exposure to ionizing radiation

    Författare :Andris Abramenkovs; Bo Stenerlöw; Peter O'Neill; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NHEJ; DSB repair; clustered DNA damage; DNA repair; DNA-PKcs; HSCS; Ra-223; ionizing radiation; Medicinsk vetenskap; Medical Science;

    Sammanfattning : The mechanisms that maintain genomic stability safeguard cells from constant DNA damage produced by endogenous and external stressors. Therefore, this thesis aimed to specifically address questions regarding the requirement and involvement of DNA repair proteins in the repair of various types of radiation-induced DNA damage. LÄS MER

  4. 4. The consequences of DNA lesions for mitochondrial DNA maintenance

    Författare :Josefin M. E. Forslund; Sjoerd Wanrooij; Nasim Sabouri; Erik Johansson; Claes Gustafsson; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Mitochondria; mitochondrial DNA; DNA replication; DNA lesions; DNA polymerase γ; ribonucleotide incorporation; medicinsk biokemi; Medical Biochemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Eukaryotic cells have their own energy-producing organelles called mitochondria. The energy is stored in the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) molecule and is produced via the oxidative phosphorylation process inside the mitochondria. Thirteen of the essential proteins required for this process are encoded on the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). LÄS MER

  5. 5. AtZDP, a Plant 3' DNA Phosphatase, Involved in DNA Repair

    Författare :Isabel Valsecchi; Lars Rask; Per Jemth; Christer Larsson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Molecular biology; AtZDP; plant long patch Base Excision Repair; DNA 3 phosphate blocking lesions; DNA repair; Molekylärbiologi;

    Sammanfattning : DNA bases can be modified by endogenous agents (e.g. oxidized by products of respiration and photosynthesis or methylated by gene silencing processes) as well as by environmental agents (e.g. LÄS MER