Sökning: "DNA quantification"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 91 avhandlingar innehållade orden DNA quantification.

  1. 1. Sensitive Forensic DNA Analysis : Application of Pyrosequencing and Real-time PCR Quantification

    Författare :Hanna Andréasson; Marie Allen; Ulf Gyllensten; Pål Nyrén; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Genetics; forensic; sensitive DNA analysis; DNA quantification; mtDNA; Real-time PCR; Pyrosequencing; Genetik; Clinical genetics; Klinisk genetik;

    Sammanfattning : The field of forensic genetics is growing fast and the development and optimisation of more sensitive, faster and more discriminating forensic DNA analysis methods is highly important. In this thesis, an evaluation of the use of novel DNA technologies and the development of specific applications for use in forensic casework investigations are presented. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Mitochondrial DNA in Sensitive Forensic Analysis

    Författare :Martina Nilsson; Marie Allen; Ulf Gyllensten; Antti Sajantila; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Genetics; Forensic genetics; Mitochondrial DNA; HVI HVII; Nuclear DNA; Quantification; Real-time PCR; Immobilised SSO probe assay; Pyrosequencing; Discrimination power; Coding region; Mixtures; Genetik;

    Sammanfattning : Genetic profiling is commonly performed on the autosomes using multiple DNA markers. Although routine forensic DNA analysis is robust and based on reliable technologies, samples with degraded or limited amounts of DNA often fail. In these cases, the analysis of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) can be very valuable due to the high copy number per cell. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Digital Electrical DNA Sensing

    Författare :Maoxiang Guo; Wouter van der Wijngaart; Fredrik Westerlund; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :DNA detection; thiol-ene-epoxy; rolling circle amplification; digital measurement; DNA stretching; microwell-array; gold nanowires; electrical measurement; specificity; limit of detection; liquid storage; disease diagnosis; lab-on-a-chip; point-of-care.;

    Sammanfattning : Molecule detection is a workhorse in life sciences and medicine, for example in cancer diagnosis and virus and bacterial detection. DNA analysis can provide vital information about the state of a host organism and its medical and health condition. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Role of Non-Homologous End-Joining in Repair of Radiation-Induced DNA Double-Strand Breaks

    Författare :Karin Karlsson; Bo Stenerlöw; Jörgen Carlsson; Thomas Helleday; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Molecular biology; DNA damage; DNA repair; DSB; NHEJ; DNA-PK; ionising radiation; high-LET; heat-labile sites; PFGE; Molekylärbiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Efficient and correct repair of DNA damage, especially DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), is vital for the survival of individual cells and organisms. Defects in the DNA repair may lead to cell death or genomic instability and development of cancer. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Selector Technology : For Multiplex DNA Analysis

    Författare :Fredrik Dahl; Mats Nilsson; Ulf Landegren; Ivo Glynne Gut; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Genetic engineering; DNA technology; Genteknik; Genetic engineering including functional genomics; Genteknik inkl. funktionsgenomik;

    Sammanfattning : A majority of methods for identifying sequences in the human genome involve target sequence amplification through PCR. This work presents novel methods for amplifying circularized DNA and presents solutions for some major limitations of PCR. LÄS MER