Sökning: "DNA methylation"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 250 avhandlingar innehållade orden DNA methylation.

  1. 1. DNA methylation signatures in precursor lymphoid neoplasms : with focus on clinical implications & the biology behind

    Författare :Zahra Haider; Sofie Degerman; Magnus Hultdin; Göran Roos; Pieter van Vlierberghe; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; Lymphoma; T-ALL; BCP-ALL; T-LBL; DNA methylation; CIMP; Prognosis; TAL1; HOX.;

    Sammanfattning : Precursor lymphoid neoplasms, namely acute lymphoblastic leukemias (ALL) and lymphoblastic lymphomas (LBL), are characterized by an aggressive proliferation of malignant progenitor B- or T-cells. To improve risk classification at diagnosis, better prognostic and treatment stratifying biomarkers are needed. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Gene Expression and DNA Methylation in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

    Författare :Jessica Nordlund; Syvänen Ann-Christine; Xavier Estivill; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Digital gene expression; Allele-specific gene expression; DNA methylation; Epigenetics; Acute lymphoblastic leukemia; Molekylär medicin; Molecular Medicine;

    Sammanfattning : Pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common malignancy in children, which results from the malignant transformation of progenitor cells in the bone marrow into leukemic cells. The precise mechanisms for this transformation are not well defined, however recent studies suggest that aberrant regulation of gene expression or DNA methylation may play an important role. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Unravelling Mechanistic Insights of Eukaryotic Transcriptional Control

    Författare :Johanna Hörberg; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Transcriptional control; Gene expression regulation; DNA supercoiling; DNA methylation; DNA-protein recognition; Basic-Leucine-Zipper transcription factors; Basic-Helix-Loop-Helix transcription factors; Sequence specific DNA plasticity; Transcription factor cooperativity; Cancer; Molecular modelling; Molecular dynamics;

    Sammanfattning : DNA transcription involves the association of multiple proteins with DNA to convert the genetic information into messenger-RNA transcripts, which later will be translated into proteins. Con-trolled regulation of transcription is imperative for preserving the healthy and homeostatic state of cells. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Prognostic markers and DNA methylation profiling in lymphoid malignancies

    Författare :Sujata Bhoi; Richard Rosenquist Brandell; H Denis Alexander; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Lymphoid malignancies; CLL; MCL; prognostic markers; micro-RNA; methylation; stereotyped subsets;

    Sammanfattning : In recent years, great progress has been achieved towards identifying novel biomarkers in lymphoid malignancies, including chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), at the genomic, transcriptomic and epigenomic level for accurate risk-stratification and prediction of treatment response. In paper I, we validated the prognostic relevance of a recently proposed RNA-based marker in CLL, UGT2B17, and analyzed its expression levels in 253 early-stage patients. LÄS MER

  5. 5. DNA methylation profiling of CNS tumors; implications for clinical diagnostics

    Författare :Sandra Ferreyra Vega; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Central nervous system tumors; DNA methylation; clinical diagnostics; diffuse gliomas; meningiomas; heterogeneity;

    Sammanfattning : Diffuse gliomas and meningiomas are the most common primary tumors of the central nervous system (CNS) in adults and these tumors cause significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Deregulation of the epigenetic mechanisms, e.g. LÄS MER