Sökning: "DNA instability"
Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 99 avhandlingar innehållade orden DNA instability.
1. Ribonucleotides in DNA - Application in genome-wide DNA polymerase tracking and physiological role in eukaryotes
Sammanfattning : The genetic code in the eukaryotic cell is stored in the form of DNA, which is more resistant to hydrolysis than RNA. Replication fidelity and DNA repair mechanisms are in place to ensure genomic integrity to preserve the information encoded. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Eukaryotic cells have their own energy-producing organelles called mitochondria. The energy is stored in the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) molecule and is produced via the oxidative phosphorylation process inside the mitochondria. Thirteen of the essential proteins required for this process are encoded on the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). LÄS MER
3. Development of benzoquinoquinoxaline derivatives as triplex-specific probes : Recognition of DNA structures at repeats sequences
Sammanfattning : Repeat sequences are associated with several human diseases, such as Friedreich’s ataxia, polycystic kidney disease and cancer. These sequences can form non-B-DNA structures, including triplex (H-DNA) DNA, and are associated with genomic instability and altered gene expression. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Efficient and correct repair of DNA damage, especially DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), is vital for the survival of individual cells and organisms. Defects in the DNA repair may lead to cell death or genomic instability and development of cancer. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Acquired genetic abnormalities are found in all types of malignant tumours and may contribute to neoplastic processes by altering protein structure or dosage. Many bone and soft tissue tumours (BSTT) are characterised by complex patterns of chromosome changes, including extensive intratumour heterogeneity and amplification of DNA sequences. LÄS MER