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Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 170 avhandlingar som matchar ovanstående sökkriterier.

  1. 1. Digital Electrical DNA Sensing

    Författare :Maoxiang Guo; Wouter van der Wijngaart; Fredrik Westerlund; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :DNA detection; thiol-ene-epoxy; rolling circle amplification; digital measurement; DNA stretching; microwell-array; gold nanowires; electrical measurement; specificity; limit of detection; liquid storage; disease diagnosis; lab-on-a-chip; point-of-care.;

    Sammanfattning : Molecule detection is a workhorse in life sciences and medicine, for example in cancer diagnosis and virus and bacterial detection. DNA analysis can provide vital information about the state of a host organism and its medical and health condition. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Advances in DNA Detection on Paper Chips

    Författare :Yajing Song; Olof Emanuelsson; Mats Nilsson; Aman Russom; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; DNA detection; active filter papers; visualization; throughput; fluorescence; superparamagnetic beads; SRA - Molekylär biovetenskap; SRA - Molecular Bioscience;

    Sammanfattning : DNA detection has an increasing importance in our everyday lives, with applications ranging from microbial diagnostics to forensic analysis. Currently, as the associated costs decrease, DNA diagnostic techniques are routinely used not only in research laboratories, but also in clinical and forensic practice. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Silicon nanowire based devices for More than Moore Applications

    Författare :Ganesh Jayakumar; Per-Erik Hellström; Mikael Östling; Luca Selmi; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :silicon nanowire; biosensor; CMOS; sequential integration; lab-on-chip; LOC; high-K; high-K integration on SiNW biosensor; ALD; fluid gate; back gate; SiNW; SiNW pixel matrix; FEOL; pattern transfer lithography; sidewall transfer lithography; STL; multi-target bio detection; BEOL; nanonets; silicon nanonets; SiNN-FET; SiNW-FET; CMOS integration of nanowires; CMOS integration of nanonets; monolithic 3D integration of nanowires; above-IC integration of nanowires; DNA detection using SiNW; SiNW biosensor; dry environment DNA detection; DNA hybridization detection using SiNW; SiNW functionalization; SiNW silanization; SiNW grafting; FEOL integration of SiNW; BEOL integration of SiNW; sequential multiplexed biodetection; biodetection efficiency of SiNW; front end of line integration of SiNW; back end of line integration of SiNW; SiNW dry environment functionalization; APTES cross-linker; accessing SiNW test site; fluorescence microscopy of SiNW; geometry of SiNW; SiNW biosensor variability; top-down fabrication of SiNW; bottom-up fabrication of SiNW; VLS method; ams foundry CMOS process; adding functionality in BEOL process; sensor integration in BEOL process; hafnium oxide; HfO2; aluminium oxide; Al2O3; TiN backgate; Nickel source drain; ISFET; ion sensitive field effect transistor; Overcoming Nernst limit of detection using SiNW; SiNW sub-threshold region operation; ASIC; SOC; SiGe selective epitaxy; epitaxial growth of SiNW; epitaxial growth of nanowires; epitaxial growth of nanonets; nickel silicide contacts; salicide process; high yield SiNW fabrication; high volume SiNW fabrication; silicon ribbon; SiRi pixel; SiRi biosensor; SiRi DNA detection; monolithic 3D integration of nanonets; above-IC integration of nanonets; impact of back gate voltage on silicon nanowire; impact of back gate voltage on SiNW; FDSOI; fully depleted silicon on insulator technology; metal backgate; wafer scale integration of SiNW; wafer scale integration of nanonets; impact of backgate voltage on CMOS inverter circuit; frequency divider; D flip-flop; Informations- och kommunikationsteknik; Information and Communication Technology;

    Sammanfattning : Silicon nanowires (SiNW) are in the spotlight for a few years in the research community as a good candidate for biosensing applications. This is attributed to their small dimensions in nanometer scale that offers high sensitivity, label-free detection and at the same time utilizing small amount of sample. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Sensitive Forensic DNA Analysis : Application of Pyrosequencing and Real-time PCR Quantification

    Författare :Hanna Andréasson; Marie Allen; Ulf Gyllensten; Pål Nyrén; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Genetics; forensic; sensitive DNA analysis; DNA quantification; mtDNA; Real-time PCR; Pyrosequencing; Genetik; Clinical genetics; Klinisk genetik;

    Sammanfattning : The field of forensic genetics is growing fast and the development and optimisation of more sensitive, faster and more discriminating forensic DNA analysis methods is highly important. In this thesis, an evaluation of the use of novel DNA technologies and the development of specific applications for use in forensic casework investigations are presented. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Detection and Characterisation of Salmonella in Animal Feed Samples by PCR-Based Methods

    Författare :Charlotta Löfström; Teknisk mikrobiologi; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Food and drink technology; Livsmedelsteknik; Biotechnology; Bioteknik; Biokemisk teknik; Biochemical technology; Analytisk kemi; Analytical chemistry; mykologi; virologi; bakteriologi; Mikrobiologi; validation; Microbiology; bacteriology; virology; mycology; Salmonella; ribotyping; detection; animal feed; randomly amplified polymorphic DNA; pulsed-field gel electrophorsis; pre-PCR processing; PCR; polymerase chain reaction; genotyping;

    Sammanfattning : Animal feed is a recognised source of Salmonella enterica for farm livestock and may also indirectly cause infection in people consuming foods of animal origin. It is therefore important to have rapid, reproducible and specific methods for the detection of Salmonella in feed, and for the characterisation of strains for further epidemiological investigations or to trace the source of contamination in a production facility. LÄS MER