Sökning: "DNA biosynthesis"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 67 avhandlingar innehållade orden DNA biosynthesis.

  1. 1. DNA precursor biosynthesis-allosteric regulation and medical applications

    Författare :Reza Rofougaran; Anders Hofer; Thomas Borén; Staffan Eriksson; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Biochemistry; DNA biosynthesis; ribonucleotide reductase; allosteric regulation; Trypanosoma brucei; adenosine kinase; nucleoside analogs; mitochondrial DNA; TWINKLE; Biokemi; medicinsk biokemi; Medical Biochemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) is a key enzyme for de novo dNTP biosynthesis. We have studied nucleotide-dependent oligomerization of the allosterically regulated mammalian RNR using a mass spectrometry–related technique called Gas-phase Electrophoretic Mobility Macromolecule Analysis (GEMMA). LÄS MER

  2. 2. Biosynthesis of decorin and glypican glycosaminoglycan chains

    Författare :Mats Jönsson; Bröstca-genetik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Metabolism; Biochemistry; phosphorylation; biosynthesis; glycosaminoglycan; decorin; glypican; Biokemi; metabolism;

    Sammanfattning : Proteoglycans consist of core proteins substituted with glycosaminoglycan chains. The galactosaminoglycans (GlcUA/IdoUA-GalNAc) and the glucosaminoglycans (GlcUA/IdoUA-GlcNAc) are both initiated on the same tetrasaccharide linkage region GlcUA-Gal-Gal-Xyl-protein. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Ribonucleotide reductase and DNA damage

    Författare :Pelle Håkansson; Lars Thelander; Claes Gustafsson; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; ribonucleotide reductase; DNA damage; dNTP pools; Medical cell biology; Medicinsk cellbiologi;

    Sammanfattning : A prerequisite for a multicellular organism to survive is the ability to correctly replicate and repair DNA while minimizing the number of heritable mutations. To achieve this, cells need a balanced supply of deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates (dNTPs), the precursors for DNA synthesis. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Haptoglobin: Biosynthesis and Evolution

    Författare :Krzysztof B. Wicher; Erik Fries; John W. M. Creemers; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Molecular biology; haptoglobin; cleavage; C1r-LP; evolution; vertebrate; endoplasmic; Golgi; complement; Molekylärbiologi; Molecular biology; Molekylärbiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Haptoglobin (Hp) is a serum protein known for its ability to form a tight complex with hemoglobin (Hb) and thereby inhibiting the oxidative activity of Hb. Mammalian Hp is synthesized as a precursor (proHp) that undergoes proteolytic cleavage by a previously unidentified enzyme in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). LÄS MER

  5. 5. Aspects on dermatan sulfate metabolism

    Författare :Erik Eklund; Matrixbiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Klinisk biologi; Clinical biology; iduronic acid; galactosaminoglycan; Dermatan sulfate; biosynthesis;

    Sammanfattning : The functions of proteoglycans often depend on the fine structure of the covalently attached glycosaminoglycan (GAG) side-chains. The process leading to the mature GAG is complex and involves a multitude of different enzymatic steps. LÄS MER