Sökning: "D2-receptors"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 36 avhandlingar innehållade ordet D2-receptors.

  1. 1. Up-regulation of dopamine D₂ receptors : in vitro and in vivo studies

    Författare :Maria Wanderoy; Eliassitet Eriksson; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Neurochemistry; Neurokemi; neurokemi och neurotoxikologi; Neurochemistry and Neurotoxicology;

    Sammanfattning : In the central nervous system (CNS) dopaminergic and dopaminoceptive neurons have the ability to respond to variations in dopamine levels by for example adjusting their dopamine receptor levels. One of the most well known phenomena in this respect is that long-term blockade of D2 receptors with antipsychotic drugs leads to an increase in striatal D2 receptor density of experimental animals as well as of schizophrenic patients as measured in both post-mortem studies and in vivo positron emission tomography studies of brain. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Aerobic fitness and healthy brain aging : cognition, brain structure, and dopamine

    Författare :Lars Jonasson; Carl-Johan Boraxbekk; Katrine Riklund; Emrah Düzel; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Aerobic exercise; VO2; working memory; executive function; freesurfer; striatum; dopamine; D2-receptors; [11C]raclopride;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Performing aerobic exercise and maintaining high levels of aerobic fitness may have positive effects on both brain structure and function in older adults. Despite decades of research however, there is still a rather poor understanding of the neurocognitive mechanisms explaining the positive effects of aerobic exercise on cognition. LÄS MER

  3. 3. In vivo quantification of extrastriatal dopamine D2 receptors in the human brain

    Författare :Hans Olsson; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; FLB 457; positron emission tomography; pituitary; receptor density; affinity; benzamide; Scatchard; saturation; receptor occupancy;

    Sammanfattning : The dopamine D2 receptor subtype attracts considerable attention in research on the patophysiology and drug treatment of several neuropsychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia and Parkinson s disease. The brain imaging technology Positron Emission Tomography (PET) has since long allowed for reliable quantification of the high density of dopamine D2 receptors in large brain structures such as the neostriatum. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Adenosine A2A receptors : characterization, localization, G protein coupling and interactions with dopamine D2 receptors

    Författare :Björn Kull; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Adenosine receptors; receptor-receptor interactions; G proteins; species differences;

    Sammanfattning : Adenosine not only has a role in cellular energy metabolism but is recognized as an intercellular messenger with an important function in physiology and pathophysiology. It exerts its effects via a family of G protein coupled receptors of which four members have been cloned from several species: A, A2A, A2B and A3. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Experimental studies on the sources, pathways and targets for volume transmission in the rat brain

    Författare :Anders Jansson; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; volume transmission; extracellular space; monoamines; Dl D2 receptors; 5HT2A receptors; nitric oxide; interleukin-1ß; cholecystokinin; galanin;

    Sammanfattning : Volume transmission has been defined as the three dimensional diffusion or convection of transmitters in the extracellular space (ECS) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) over a larger distance than the synaptic cleft. The regional localization of dopamine (DA) nerve terminals and dopamine Dl and D2 receptors in nucleus accumbens were studied in detail using double immuno-labelling. LÄS MER