Sökning: "Crash test dummies"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 7 avhandlingar innehållade orden Crash test dummies.

  1. 1. Safety for Children in Cars – Focus on Three Point Seatbelts in Emergency Events

    Författare :Isabelle Stockman; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :Steering; Crash test dummies; Run-off road; Child restraint systems; Child safety; Emergency events; Braking; Pre-pretensioners;

    Sammanfattning : Child safety in vehicles has improved over time. One of the main factors is due to the increased restraint use by children. Nevertheless, studies show that although children are restrained, injuries still occur indicating that restraint systems have the potential for further improvement. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Evaluation of Shoulder-Complex Motion in Frontal and Oblique Impact Loadings - A Comparison between Frontal Impact Dummies and the Human Body

    Författare :Fredrik Törnvall; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :Sled tests; Cadaver; Volunteers; Kinematics; Hybrid III; Static loading; Shoulder range-of-motion; Offset frontal collision; THOR; Shoulder; Biofidelity; Oblique frontal collision; Crash test dummy; Post Mortem Human Subjects PMHS ;

    Sammanfattning : Offset and angled frontal impacts represent a crash type that is more common than full-frontal collisions. Several studies have shown that over 70% of all frontal impacts are offset or oblique. LÄS MER

  3. 3. A New Shoulder for the THOR Dummy Intended for Oblique Collisions

    Författare :Fredrik Törnvall; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Shoulder; Shoulder range-of-motion; Volunteers; Kinematics; Biofidelity; Post Mortem Human Subjects; THOR; Crash test dummy; Oblique collision;

    Sammanfattning : Offset and oblique frontal car collisions represent a type of crash in which severe and fatal injuries frequently occur. This indicates the importance of having protective systems in vehicles for these types of collisions. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Development of a Mechanical Model for Rear Impacts: Evaluation of Volunteer Responses and Validation of the Model

    Författare :Johan Davidsson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :whiplash; validation; rear impact; dummy; seat; spine; rear-end collision; volunteer; BioRID; neck;

    Sammanfattning : The objective of this research has been to develop a biofidelic crash-test dummy to facilitate design of seat systems with enhanced occupant protection in rear-end collisions. These frequent collisions may cause soft-tissue neck injuries to occupants in struck vehicles. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Traumatic Brain Injuries: Animal Experiments and Numerical Simulations to Support the Development of a Brain Injury Criterion

    Författare :Jacobo Antona; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :traumatic brain injuries; traffic safety; concussions; animal experiments; finite element method;

    Sammanfattning : Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBIs) account for about half of the 1 300 000 annual traffic related deaths and the 50 000 000 injuries worldwide. The burden of TBI is ethically unacceptable and economically unsustainable. LÄS MER